Introduction / History Sweden is deeply rooted in the matters kept closest at heart such as family, religion and traditional holiday celebrations to unite the people. Sweden has one major language, Swedish. Some minorities speak Finnish, Lappish, Norwegian, Arabic and Danish. Most Swedes can also speak English. However, Swedish still remains the official language. As in many countries there are different dialects The southern Swedish dialect is related to Danish and can be hard even for other Swedes to understand. Swedes are mostly immigrants from Norway, Iceland and other neighboring countries. The Natives are Sami (Lappish) people that herd reindeer and have their own religion much like the religion of native Indians in America. Some of the Swedish history goes back to Viking times where men and women settled down coming from Norway, Iceland and other countries as well.
Sweden is a constitutional monarchy. Currently it is Carl XVI Gustaf. Sweden is part of the European Union and its borders are open for immigrants from other countries as well. Their currency is the Swedish Krona. They are not yet part of the Euro currency. Sweden is considered a neutral country.
Swedish people are hard workers living under a socialist government with programs such as long vacations and an extensive welfare system with the goal of not leaving anyone without food or shelter.
Many adults are employed in industrial occupations and office work in the public sector. People in rural areas of Sweden still farm as a major means of employment. The majority of Swedes, nearly one-quarter, are employed in the service industry.
The main religion is Lutheran, and most children are baptized as infants.
Göta dialect group is south, including parts of Småland, south Swedish provinces, Värmland, Västergötland; Svea is north, including Hälsingland, parts of Östergötland and Uppland, and Swedish-speaking parts of Finland; Southern Swedish in Skåne, Blekinge, (Source: Ethnologue 2010)