Mugal in Nepal

The Mugal have only been reported in Nepal
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Mugal take their name from the village in which they live, called Mugu. Mugu is located in the western portion of the Himalayan Mountains of Nepal.


They speak their own language called Mugom, which is like Tibetan. Most of the Mugal men also speak Nepali, the official language of the country.


Although most Mugal farm for a living, the land is undeveloped and Nepal as a whole is poor. A couple of decades ago, the Mugal people were living in poverty and misery, but today they have become one of the wealthier ethnic Tibetan groups in Nepal. Though their population is low, their future looks good economically.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Mugal earn their living in different ways depending on where they live. Because farmable land is in short supply in the mountain areas, these Mugal do little agricultural work. Most make their living by trading, weaving or raising livestock. A number of wealthy Mugal work in the main bazaars.


The Mugal build unique homes. Because they settle in mountainous areas, they build their three-storied houses out of wood and stone. They make flat roofs of wood, then cover them with a mud mixture. Each story comprises a single room with no window. Each floor has a door and walls which have small holes for ventilation.


The Mugal keep their livestock on the ground floor, called the goth. The next level, or the chhipra, contains their store of grain and salt. They use the upper floor or koga, as a living room and kitchen. A notched ladder provides access between floors.


In the past, parents arranged marriages for their children at age 5 or 6. The ceremony would take place when the children grew to be 15 or 16 years old. Young people had no choice about whom they would marry. Today, the Mugal people are transitioning out of this practice.


At the end of December, they celebrate the aunsi, or "dark moon." Twice a year, Mugals celebrate Lhosar, their main festival. They hold the second Lhosar festival at the end of February. At the festivals, the Mugal sing and dance. While dancing, the married males wear white turbans, and the married females wear a particular type of golden ornament.


Most Mugal village priests also farm for a living, unlike the typical monks who serve in other Buddhist communities.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Although Nepal is the only official Hindu state in the world, Buddhism is the religion for many Tibetan peoples, such as the Mugal. Buddhists believe that life comprises suffering caused by the desire for existence. They also believe that by following the "Eightfold Path," they can ease suffering.


On a practical day-to-day level, the Mugal people are much more concerned about the spirit world than they are about Buddhist theology. They worship a god named Chamdendae, which is a four-legged creature holding a flower and a prayer rosary.


What Are Their Needs?

Most of the world has forgotten Nepal. Although a foreign mission was allowed to do humanitarian work in Nepal in the 1950s, the Nepali government opposes any form of proselytizing. There are government restrictions. Family members cause more problems for Christian believers than the government.


The Mugal are one of the most isolated people groups in the world, both geographically and spiritually. The Mugal have had no chance to hear the wonderful news that Jesus came to set them free from sin and spiritual destruction. Who is willing to take the gospel to them?


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Mugal in Nepal.

Ask the Lord to thrust out Holy Spirit anointed people who are willing to share Christ with the Mugal.


Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Mugal towards Jesus and his gospel so that they will be receptive.


Ask the Lord to raise up a church planting movement among the Mugal people in the 2020s.


Pray that the doors of Nepal will soon be open to missionaries.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-11
People Name General Mugal
People Name in Country Mugal
Population this Country 300
Population all Countries 300
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Kham; Khan; Mugali Tamang; Mugu; मुगलई
People ID 13854
ROP3 Code 106861
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Originally from Mugu Village. Most now live in Gamgadhi, Mugu’s neighboring district Jumla, and in Kathmandu.   Source:  Field worker
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Gandaki
200
Bagmati
100
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Originally from Mugu Village. Most now live in Gamgadhi, Mugu’s neighboring district Jumla, and in Kathmandu..   Source:  Field worker
Total States 2
  Gandaki 200
  Bagmati 100
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Nepali (200 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Mugom
100
Primary Language Nepali (200 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Mugom 100
People Groups Speaking Nepali

Primary Language:  Nepali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1850-1961)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1821-2010)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1914-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video New Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Nepali
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
77.56 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
9.62 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
12.82 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2022  Peoples of the Buddhist World, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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