Lingao in China

Lingao
Photo Source:  Copyrighted © 2023
Operation China, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source:  Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
People Name: Lingao
Country: China
10/40 Window: Yes
Population: 686,000
World Population: 686,000
Primary Language: Lingao
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Christian Adherents: 4.20 %
Evangelicals: 4.00 %
Scripture: New Testament
Online Audio NT: No
Jesus Film: Yes
Audio Recordings: Yes
People Cluster: Li
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
Progress Level:

Introduction / History

The Lingao, despite speaking their own Tai language, have been officially included as members of the Han Chinese nationality. "Although they regard themselves as Han people, they are regarded as Li people in historical records and by the Han people on Hainan Island." The Lingao call their language the "village language" - the same name as the Cun people on the west coast of Hainan. To avoid confusion, the Chinese have labeled this group Lingao.

Although the use of the Lingao language is widespread, "it has no orthography and is not taught in schools." Scholars disagree regarding the linguistic affiliation of Lingao. Some consider it "closely related to Bouyei, Giay, and Northern Zhuang." Many city-dwelling Lingao are bilingual in the local dialect of Chinese, and some speak Mandarin as a third language. Most rural Lingao, especially women and children, are unable to speak any language except their own.

The Lingao language suggests they may have originally been Zhuang who migrated from the Mainland. Hainan has belonged to China for about 2,000 years. "Yet the Chinese have occupied little more than its fringe, and among them the legend still persists that the wild men of the interior have tails!"

What Are Their Lives Like?

Many Lingao fish in the Beibu Gulf between Hainan and the Chinese Mainland. Every year, between May and October, severe storms lash the area.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of Lingao are animists. In some locations they worship a multiplicity of spirit beings and ghosts. Ancestor worship is also common.

In 1630 Jesuit priests from Macau came and set up a chapel in Fucheng - then the capital of Qiongzhou. More than 250 years later, in the 1880s, Danish missionary Carl Jeremiassen also "settled down in Fucheng, Qiongshan County, where he bought the Ancestral Hall and turned it into a church." Today, most of the Christians on Hainan are in the northern part of the island. Many Han and Lingao youth have found Christ in recent years, as both official and underground churches report overflowing crowds at their meetings.

What Are Their Needs?

Without the guidance of Christ, these people are like sheep without a shepherd. They need the good shepherd in their families and communities.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers.

Pray for the Lord to intervene in their families, calling people to his side.

Pray for their hearts to be drawn to the Lord of lords.

Pray for a church planting movement to thrive in their communities.

Text Source:   Joshua Project