Maasina Fulani in Ghana


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Fulani are comprised of a number of distinct sub-groups who live across a huge swath of central and western Africa, from Senegal in the west and to Sudan in the east. They are bounded in the north by the Sahara Desert and live no further south than Cameroon and the Central African Republic. They are grouped and named according to their location, occupation and dialect of their widely spoken language. Accordingly, there are five major groups of Fulani: the Fula Toro, Fulakunda, Fulfulde, Fuuta Jalon, and Tukolor.

Maasina refers to a language, but it can also refer to a Fulani subgroup. Most live in Mali, but a smaller number are in Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso. Historically the Fulani were a nomadic people who traveled from one region to another, seeking water for their cattle herds. After migrating from North Africa or the Middle East, they gradually spread eastward (over a 1000-year period from A. D. 900 to 1900), from Senegal and Guinea to as far as Sudan. During their wanderings, they conquered many less powerful tribes. Many Fulani completely or partially abandoned their traditional nomadic life in favor of a sedentary existence in towns or on farms among the conquered peoples.

The Maasina Fulani people live in Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Mali.


What Are Their Lives Like?

While some Maasina Fulani maintain the tradition of nomadic wandering, and others remain in one location permanently, the most favored and widespread way of living is semi-nomadic. The hot, tropical climate of north-central and western Africa provides only two seasons, wet and dry. The semi-nomadic Fulani revolve their lives around these seasons, and around a strict division of labor based on gender. During the wet season, the cattle, sheep, and goats remain at a permanent settlement where they are herded by the men and boys, but usually milked and cared for by the women and girls. The men plant, care for and harvest the crops which mostly consist of millet, rice, and peanuts. They also build fences to keep livestock in the appropriate pastures. Meanwhile, the women spend four to five hours each afternoon preparing the evening meal, but only after fetching water, wood, and millet. Besides this arduous task, females must maintain huts, weave mats, spin cotton, make soap, and care for young children.

During the dry season, the Fulani practice the nomadic part of their existence. Rather than risking the exhaustion of the village water supply, the young men leave the older men, the women, and the children in the village and take the cattle on a search for alternative water supplies until the rainy season approaches. These nomadic bands camp in portable shelters of poles or branches covered with straw, leaves, or mats. Parents often send children to a village school where they learn to pray and recite parts of the Koran, as the Fulani are almost entirely Muslim. Despite their lack of book knowledge, they are respected social analysts. They place high value on storytelling and proverbs which attempt to teach valuable lessons about life.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Fulani were one of the first African tribes to convert to Islam and today are overwhelmingly Muslim. Muslims believe that the prophet Mohammed was God's last great prophet. They believe God spoke words to him which were recorded in what is now the Koran. Not only is Islam a religion for the Fulani, but also a way of life. Therefore, any deviation from Islam is condemned and attacked by the entire community. The Fulani have numerous taboos or rules which are never to be broken. A prominent taboo is that of speaking the name of spouses, parents, parents-in-law, first sons, or first daughters.

The Maasina Fulani are expected to follow a code of high moral behavior known as Pulaaku. Pulaaku extols virtues such as kindness, bravery, patience, tolerance, perseverance, honesty, diligence, generosity, and dignity. To be reserved is part of being dignified; thus, they are shy and modest in public. A mother does not show affection to her infant son.


What Are Their Needs?

Despite many efforts, the overwhelming majority of the Fulani people remain Muslim, and few turn to Christ fearing the hostility of family and friends. They need prayer!


Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to provide for the Maasina Fulani's livestock so well that they acknowledge his goodness and power.

Pray for the Lord to intervene among the Maasina Fulani in Burkina Faso in such a way that they will become open to accepting the lordship of Christ.

Pray for workers to go to the Maasina Fulani in Burkina Faso.

Pray for a disciple making movement among the Maasina that will spread to other Fulani groups.


Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Maasina in Ghana.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Fulani profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-02-10
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulani, Maasina
People Name in Country Fulani, Maasina
Natural Name Maasina Fulani
Pronunciation MAH-see-nah foo-LAH-nee
Population this Country 5,300
Population all Countries 1,953,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Fula Kita; Fula Macina; Fulani; Fulbe Maasina; Fulfulde Masina; Liptako; Maasina; Macina; Macina Fula; Macina Fulani; Niafunke; Peuhala
People ID 11773
ROP3 Code 103078
Country Ghana
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread in north.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Ghana
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Widespread in north..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016

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Primary Language Fulfulde, Maasina (5,300 speakers)
Language Code ffm   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Fulfulde, Maasina (5,300 speakers)
Language Code ffm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Fulfulde, Maasina

Primary Language:  Fulfulde, Maasina

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1934)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2005-2016)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Fulfulde, Maasina Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Mobile App Bible app direct APK download SIL
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde, Maasina YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language eBible.org
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.04 %)
0.10 %
Ethnic Religions
10.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
89.90 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
70.0 %
Roman Catholic
30.0 %
Photo Source Erik Laursen, New Covenant Missions 
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more