Country:

India

Province / State: Kerala
District: All

Number of People Groups

417

Unreached People Groups

366

Total Population

39,866,000

Buddhist

0.0 %

Christian

18.1 %

Hindu

55.8 %

Muslim

26.0 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

0.1 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 1,600 Telugu 1,500 - - 100 - -
 Adi Dravida 5,000 Tamil 5,000 - - - - -
Adi Dravida Christian Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
 Adi Karnataka 2,000 Kannada 1,900 - 30 - - -
 Adiyan 14,000 Malayalam 14,000 - - 30 - 20
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 7,400 Tamil 7,400 - - - - -
 Agamudaiyan unspecified 9,600 Tamil 9,600 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 3,100 Telugu 3,100 - - 50 - -
Aiyanavar Christian 12,000 Telugu - - - 12,000 - -
Ajila 70 Malayalam 70 - - - - -
 Alambadi Kurichchan 41,000 Kurichiya 39,000 60 - 2,300 - 30
 Alavan 4,000 Tamil 4,000 - - - - -
 Ambalavasi 100,000 Malayalam 100,000 - - - - -
Ambalavasi Tottiyan Naicker 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Ambattan (Hindu traditions) 6,400 Tamil 6,400 - - 70 - -
Ambattan Christian 2,800 Tamil - - - 2,800 - -
 Andh 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
 Angami 20 Naga, Angami - - - 20 - -
Anglo Indian 2,900 English - - - 2,900 - -
 Ao 70 Naga, Ao - - - 70 - -
 Arab 300 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 300 - - - -
Arandan 300 Aranadan 300 - - - - -
Arasar 10,000 Malayalam 9,600 - - 500 - -
Arasar Christian 40,000 Malayalam - - - 40,000 - -
Arayan 181,000 Malayalam 179,000 - 20 2,000 - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Arunthathiyar 3,200 Tamil 3,200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 14,000 Malayalam 13,000 - - 500 - -
 Badaga 300 Badaga 300 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Bagata Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Bagdi 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Bagdi (Hindu traditions) 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Baira 1,200 Kannada 1,200 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 74,000 Hindi 74,000 - - - - -
Bakad 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Bakuda 7,500 Tamil 7,500 - 50 - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Kannada 1,700 - - - - -
Bandi (Hindu traditions) 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Bania Agarwal 7,300 Hindi 6,900 - - - - 400
 Bania Agrahari 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Bania Chetti 76,000 Tamil 75,000 - - - - 900
Bania Irupathi Nalu Manai Chetti 3,400 Telugu 3,400 - - - - -
 Bania Jaiswal 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
Bania Mahajan 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Bania Mahesri 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bania Oswal 400 Hindi 200 - - - - 300
 Bania Porwal 600 Hindi 500 - - - - 100
 Bania unspecified 137,000 Hindi 134,000 - - - - 3,400
 Banijiga 1,400 Kannada 1,400 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 200 Lambadi 200 - - - - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) Unknown Gujarati - - - - - -
Bariki 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
 Basor 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Bathada 20 Kannada 20 - - - - -
Bavuri 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 4,100 Kannada 4,100 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Kannada 1,200 - - - - -
Bellara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bhampta 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
 Bhandari 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
Bhansala 90 Marathi 90 - - - - -
Bharathar (Christian traditions) 4,500 Tamil - - - 4,500 - -
Bharathar (Hindu traditions) 4,400 Tamil 4,400 - - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Bhottada Unknown Kuvi - - - - - -
 Bohra 4,400 Gujarati - 4,400 - - - -
 Boya 2,600 Telugu 2,600 - - - - -
 Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 30 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 30 -
 Brahmin Deshastha 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Dravida 53,000 Tamil 53,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 35,000 Marathi 35,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujarati 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
Brahmin Havik 6,000 Kannada 6,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Iyer 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 5,200 Kannada 5,200 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Brahmin Kosala Nadu 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 9,900 Marathi 9,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Marathi 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Mukkaniyar 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Muttad 55,000 Malayalam 55,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Nambudiri 85,000 Malayalam 85,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Pancha Dravida 92,000 Malayalam 92,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Potti 21,000 Malayalam 21,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 15,000 Tamil 15,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Brahmin unspecified 696,000 Hindi 695,000 - - - - 1,000
 Brahmin Velanadu 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Burmese 100 Burmese - - 100 - - -
Byagara 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 21,000 Konkani - 21,000 - - - -
Chackaravar 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - 20 - -
Chackaravar Christian 2,300 Tamil - - - 2,300 - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 500 Tamil - - - 500 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 44,000 Tamil 44,000 - 200 - - -
 Chalvadi 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Chandala 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Chaptegar 500 Konkani, Goan 500 - - - - -
Chavalakkaran 14,000 Malayalam 14,000 - - 60 - -
Chavalakkaran Christian 2,900 Malayalam - - - 2,900 - -
Chayakkaran 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
 Chenchu 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Chengazhi Nambiyar 800 Malayalam 800 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 402,000 Malayalam 402,000 - 300 - 20 -
Cheruman (Muslim traditions) 49,000 Malayalam - 49,000 - - - -
Cherumar Christian 434,000 Malayalam - - - 434,000 - -
 Christian 30,000 Hindi - - - 30,000 - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
Devadasi 1,700 Kannada 1,700 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 200 Tulu 200 - - - - -
 Devanga 7,900 Kannada 7,900 - - - - -
 Devendrakulathan 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
 Dhor 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
Divehi 800 Maldivian - 800 - - - -
Dom (Dombara) 900 Telugu 900 - - 20 - -
 Eluthassan 50,000 Malayalam 50,000 - - - - -
Eravallan 5,700 Tamil 5,600 - - - - -
 Faqir 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Gamit 20 Gamit 20 - - - - -
 Gandla 6,100 Telugu 6,100 - - - - -
 Gangakula 2,500 Kannada 2,500 - - - - -
Gatti 700 Tulu 700 - - - - -
 Gavara 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
 Goanese 6,900 Konkani, Goan - - - 6,900 - -
Godagali 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Godari 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
Godda 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Gondhali 70 Marathi 70 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
 Halwakki Wakkal 3,600 Kannada 3,600 - - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 50 Chinese, Mandarin - - 50 - - -
Hasla 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Hill Pulayan 3,500 Tamil 3,200 - - 300 - 50
 Holar 3,200 Marathi 3,200 - - - - -
 Holaya 1,200 Kannada 1,200 - - - - -
Idayan 45,000 Tamil 45,000 - - - - -
 Ilavan 4,190,000 Malayalam 4,189,000 - 200 600 - -
Ilavan Christian 68,000 Tamil - - - 68,000 - -
Ilavaniyan 29,000 Malayalam 29,000 - - - - -
Ilavathi 41,000 Malayalam 41,000 - - - - -
Ilayathu 22,000 Malayalam 22,000 - - - - -
 Irular 28,000 Irula 27,000 40 - 80 - 400
Jambuvulu 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 2,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,300 -
 Jenu Kuruba 30 Kurumba, Jennu 30 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 200 Marathi - - - - - 200
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
Kadaiyar 2,200 Tamil 2,200 - - - - -
 Kadan 3,500 Malayalam 3,400 - - - - -
 Kahha 30 Naga, Phom - - - 30 - -
 Kaibartta unspecified 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 78,000 Tamil 78,000 - - - - -
 Kakkalan 7,200 Malayalam 7,200 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Telugu 3,200 - - - - -
 Kalal Idiga 2,500 Telugu 2,500 - - - - -
Kalladi 45,000 Malayalam 45,000 - 30 - - -
Kallan Tondaman 3,500 Tamil 3,500 - - - - -
Kallan unspecified 34,000 Tamil 34,000 - - - - -
Kallasari 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
Kallattu Kurup 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - - - -
Kamathi 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 30 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 30 -
Kammara 60 Telugu 50 - - - - -
Kanakkan 290,000 Malayalam 290,000 - - - - -
 Kanikkaran 25,000 Kanikkaran 25,000 40 20 80 - 30
 Kaniyan 112,000 Malayalam 112,000 - - - - -
 Kapu Reddi 2,100 Telugu 2,100 - - - - -
 Kapu unspecified 2,800 Telugu 2,800 - - - - -
Kapu Vadugan 70 Telugu 70 - - - - -
Karimpalan 23,000 Malayalam 23,000 - 200 - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 90 Kashmiri - 90 - - - -
 Kattunayakan 21,000 Tamil 21,000 - - 30 - 100
Kavara 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - - - -
Kavathi 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - 20 - -
Kavathi Christian 2,500 Tamil - - - 2,500 - -
Kavuthiyan 31,000 Malayalam 31,000 - - - - -
Keralamuthali 3,300 Malayalam 3,300 - - - - -
Keralamuthali Christian 2,800 Malayalam - - - 2,800 - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 400 Gujarati 400 - - - - -
 Khasi (War-Khasi) 40 Khasi - - - 40 - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 30 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 30 -
Kitaran 3,500 Malayalam 3,500 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Koli Dhor 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
 Koli Mahadev 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
 Koli Malhar 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Koli of Gujarat 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
Kollakar 2,000 Malayalam 2,000 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 600 Telugu 500 - - - - -
 Konyak 60 Naga, Konyak - - - 60 - -
Kootan 5,900 Malayalam 5,900 - - - - -
 Koracha, caste Unknown Kannada - - - - - -
Koracha, tribal 1,900 Tulu 1,700 - - 200 - -
 Korama unspecified 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kori 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Koshti 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Kota 100 Kota 100 - - - - -
Kotegar 1,700 Kannada 1,700 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 56,000 Malayalam 56,000 - - - - -
Kudiya 900 Kudiya 900 - - - - -
 Kudumban 3,200 Tamil 3,200 - - - - -
 Kudumi 115,000 Tamil 115,000 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 7,400 Hindi 7,400 - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 5,500 Gujarati 5,500 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
Kundavadiga 800 Malayalam 800 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 1,400 Tamil - - - 1,400 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 327,000 Malayalam 327,000 - 90 100 30 -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Kuruba 3,000 Kannada 3,000 - - - - 20
 Kurukkal 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
 Kuruman 29,000 Kurumba, Betta 29,000 30 - 200 - 30
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Lingayat 16,000 Kannada - - - - - 16,000
 Lohana 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
 Lotha 30 Naga, Lotha - - - 30 - -
Madari (Hindu traditions) 8,100 Tamil 8,100 - - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 400 Telugu - - - 400 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Telugu 3,100 - - - - -
 Mahar (Buddhist traditions) 1,200 Marathi 1,200 - - - - -
 Mahar (Christian traditions) 100 Marathi - - - 100 - -
 Mahishya 70 Bengali 70 - - - - -
 Mahratta Kunbi 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
 Mahratta unspecified 41,000 Marathi 41,000 - 200 20 - 50
 Mahyavanshi 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Maila 300 Tulu 300 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 90 Telugu - - - 90 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
Mala Pulayan 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
Mala Urali 3,800 Telugu 3,800 - - - - -
Mala Vettuvan 21,000 Malayalam 21,000 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 2,509,000 Malayalam - - - 2,509,000 - -
Malai Arayan 39,000 Malayalam 22,000 200 - 17,000 - 100
Malai Pandaram 2,800 Malayalam 2,800 20 - - - -
 Malai Vedan 9,600 Malayalam 9,200 - - 200 - 90
Malakuravan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Malasar 3,800 Tamil 3,700 - - - - -
Malayan, caste 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
Malayan, tribe 7,600 Tamil 7,500 - - 70 - 40
Malayarayar 1,800 Malayalam 1,200 - - 600 - -
Malayekandi 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
Mali 1,200 Telugu 1,200 - - - - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Mangala 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 274,000 Malayalam 274,000 - 200 - - -
Mannan, tribal 12,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - 90 - 40
 Mappila 10,003,000 Malayalam - 10,003,000 - - - -
Marakkan (Christian traditions) 5,700 Malayalam - - - 5,700 - -
Marakkan (Hindu traditions) 8,100 Malayalam 8,100 - - - - -
 Maravan 96,000 Tamil 96,000 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 30 Marathi - - - 30 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
 Mavilan 36,000 Malayalam 36,000 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Meitei unspecified Unknown Meitei - - - - - -
 Memon 4,300 Gujarati - 4,300 - - - -
 Mizo 20 Mizo - - - 20 - -
 Moger unspecified 25,000 Kannada 25,000 - 50 - - -
 Moghal 2,200 Urdu - 2,200 - - - -
 Mudugar 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
Mukkari 2,200 Malayalam 2,200 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 40,000 Malayalam - - - 40,000 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 165,000 Malayalam 165,000 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 2,900 Malayalam - 2,900 - - - -
Mukri 70 Kannada 70 - - - - -
Mundala 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Munnur 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
Musari 4,600 Malayalam 4,600 - - - - -
Mutali 4,500 Tamil 4,000 - - 400 - -
 Muthan 5,400 Malayalam 5,400 - - - - -
 Muthuvan 28,000 Malayalam 28,000 20 - 80 - 60
 Mutrasi 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 242,000 Tamil - - - 242,000 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 1,427,000 Tamil 1,427,000 - - - - -
 Naga 30 Nagamese - - - 30 - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Nair 5,992,000 Malayalam 5,992,000 - - - - -
Nair Anthur 151,000 Malayalam 151,000 - - - - -
Nalakeyava 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Nalkadaya 2,200 Tulu 2,200 - - - - -
 Namassej (Hindu traditions) 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
Navait 28,000 Konkani - 28,000 - - - -
 Navithan 25,000 Tamil 25,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi 3,300 Gujarati 3,300 - - - - -
Padannan 9,800 Malayalam 9,800 - 30 - - -
Pagadai 600 Tamil 600 - - - - -
 Paliya 40 Bengali 40 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 8,300 Tamil - - - 8,300 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 58,000 Tamil 58,000 - 80 - - -
Palleyan 1,700 Tamil 1,200 - - 500 - -
Palliyan 1,400 Tamil 1,300 - - 100 - 30
Palliyar 400 Tamil 200 - - 300 - -
Palluvan 6,900 Malayalam 6,900 - - - - -
 Panan 61,000 Tamil 61,000 - 70 - - -
 Panchama 70 Telugu 70 - - - - -
 Pandaram 23,000 Malayalam 23,000 - - - - -
Panditattan 12,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - - - -
 Panika 50 Chhattisgarhi 50 - - - - -
Panikkan 2,300 Tamil 2,300 - - - - -
 Paniyan 104,000 Paniya 103,000 100 200 300 - 300
 Pannadi 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 153,000 Tamil - - - 153,000 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 327,000 Tamil 325,000 - 700 700 - -
Paravan (Christian traditions) 13,000 Tamil - - - 13,000 - -
 Paravan (Hindu traditions) 69,000 Malayalam 69,000 - 100 100 - -
 Pardhi 2,600 Pardhi 2,600 - - - - -
 Parsee 30 Gujarati - - - - - 30
 Pashtun Afridi 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
 Pashtun Kakar 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Pashtun Lodhi (Dalazak) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Pashtun Mohmand 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Pashtun Yusafzai 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
 Pashtun, Pathan 44,000 Urdu - 44,000 - - - -
 Pathiyan 15,000 Malayalam 15,000 - - - - -
 Persian 50 Dari - 50 - - - -
Perumannan 54,000 Malayalam 54,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Pod 30 Bengali 30 - - - - -
Prabhu Kayastha 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
Pulaya Vettuvan 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - 20 - -
Pulayan Thanda 146,000 Malayalam 146,000 - - - - -
 Pulayan unspecified 1,031,000 Malayalam 1,029,000 - 1,400 - 60 -
Pulayan Wayanad 500 Malayalam 500 - - - - -
 Puthirai Vannan 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 20 Gujarati 20 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 30 Bengali 30 - - - - -
Rajpur 7,500 Konkani, Goan 7,500 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Hindi 28,000 - - - - -
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Hindu traditions) 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Thakur 200 Kangri 200 - - - - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
Raneyar Unknown Kannada - - - - - -
 Rathawa 50 Rathawi 50 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Sali 80,000 Kannada 80,000 - - - - -
Sali Pattariyan 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Samagara 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Samanthan 2,800 Odia 2,800 - - - - -
 Samban 5,800 Tamil 5,800 - - - - -
 Sangtam 20 Naga, Sangtam - - - 20 - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Sayyid 20,000 Urdu - 20,000 - - - -
 Sema 60 Naga, Sumi - - - 60 - -
Semman 2,800 Tamil 2,800 - - - - -
 Shabi 2,000 Malayalam - 2,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 2,000 Urdu - 2,000 - - - -
 Shaikh unspecified 47,000 Urdu - 47,000 - - - -
Silpi 23,000 Telugu 23,000 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 400 Sinhala - - 400 - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 3,567,000 Malayalam - - - 3,567,000 - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 123,000 Tamil - 123,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Hindu traditions) 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 70 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 70 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 4,800 Hindi 4,800 - - - - -
 Thakkar 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
Thandan (Christian traditions) 11,000 Malayalam - - - 11,000 - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 239,000 Malayalam 238,000 - 200 - - -
Thandan Palakkad 7,200 Malayalam 7,200 - - - - -
Thantapulayan 6,000 Malayalam 6,000 - - - - -
 Thoti, caste 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
 Tipera Unknown Kok Borok - - - - - -
 Ulladan 19,000 Malayalam 18,000 30 - 700 - 200
 Urali 13,000 Malayalam 12,000 - - 800 - 30
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 9,000 Telugu 8,800 - - 200 - -
 Vakkaliga unspecified 36,000 Kannada 36,000 - - - - -
Valan 66,000 Malayalam 66,000 - - - - -
Valanchian 6,000 Malayalam 6,000 - - - - -
 Valluvan 22,000 Tamil 22,000 - 50 - - -
Vaniyan 264,000 Tamil 263,000 - - 1,200 - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 4,900 Tamil - - - 4,900 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 48,000 Tamil 48,000 - 100 20 - -
 Vanniyan 162,000 Tamil 162,000 - - - - -
 Varli 20 Varli 20 - - - - -
Velakkithalanayan 195,000 Malayalam 195,000 - - - - -
Velan 97,000 Malayalam 97,000 - 70 - - -
Vellalan Kongu 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
Vellalan Nanjanad 114,000 Tamil 114,000 - - - - -
 Vellalan unspecified 378,000 Tamil 371,000 - - 6,600 - -
Veluthadanayar 124,000 Malayalam 124,000 - - - - -
Vetan (Christian traditions) 3,400 Malayalam - - - 3,400 - -
Vetan (Hindu traditions) 26,000 Tamil 26,000 - - - - -
Vettakkaran 2,900 Tamil 2,900 - - - - -
Vettuvan 113,000 Malayalam 112,000 - 200 - - -
 Viswakarma Asari 438,000 Malayalam 438,000 - - 300 - -
Viswakarma Kallan Muppan 11,000 Malayalam 11,000 - - - - -
Viswakarma Kallasari 63,000 Malayalam 63,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 151,000 Malayalam 151,000 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 150,000 Malayalam 150,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma unspecified 911,000 Telugu 909,000 - - 3,400 - -
Viswakarma Vilkurup 9,800 Malayalam 9,800 - - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Yadav Sadgope 30 Bengali 30 - - - - -
 Yenadi 2,100 Telugu 2,100 - - - - -
Yerava 400 Ravula 400 - - - - -
 Yerukula 100 Yerukula 100 - - - - -
 Yimchungra Unknown Naga, Yimchungru - - - - - -
  Totals:  417 39,866,000   366 22,262,000 10,359,000 5,100 7,213,000 3,900 24,000