Country:

India

State: Maharashtra
District: All

Number of People Groups

870

Unreached People Groups

806

Total Population

137,643,000

Buddhist

5.6 %

Christian

0.9 %

Hindu

80.4 %

Muslim

11.0 %

Sikh

0.2 %

Other Religions

1.9 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi 70 Adi 70 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 3,100 Telugu 3,000 - - 100 - -
 Adi Dravida 50,000 Tamil 47,000 - 2,300 100 - -
Adi Dravida Christian 1,600 Tamil - - - 1,600 - -
 Adi Karnataka 8,700 Kannada 8,600 - 90 - - -
Adi Karnataka Christian 30 Kannada - - - 30 - -
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 1,000 Tamil 1,000 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 2,900 Tamil 2,900 - - - - -
 Agamudaiyan unspecified 4,800 Tamil 4,800 - - - - -
 Agariya (Hindu traditions) 200 Agariya 200 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Kannada 1,000 - 30 - - -
 Aghori 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Agri 422,000 Marathi 410,000 - 12,000 - - -
 Aguri 1,900 Bengali 1,900 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Ahom 80 Assamese 80 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Ambalavasi 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Ambattan (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Tamil 2,200 - - - - -
Ambattan Christian 100 Tamil - - - 100 - -
 Andh 558,000 Marathi 553,000 800 900 80 70 2,500
 Angami 300 Naga, Angami - - - 300 - -
Anglo Indian 28,000 English - - - 28,000 - -
 Ansari 924,000 Urdu - 924,000 - - - -
 Ao 20 Naga, Ao - - - 20 - -
 Arab 900 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 900 - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Arakh 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
Aray Mala 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Arayan 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Armenian 300 Armenian - - - 300 - -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 6,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,400 -
 Arwa Mala 600 Tamil 600 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 300 Assamese - 300 - - - -
Atari 2,200 Urdu - 2,200 - - - -
 Audhelia 300 Chhattisgarhi 300 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - - - -
Badaik 700 Sadri 700 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 1,099,000 Hindi 1,090,000 - 7,600 400 - 20
Badhai Kharadi 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - 200 - - -
Badhai Konkani 56,000 Marathi 55,000 - 800 - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Hindi 4,500 - 50 - - -
 Bagdi 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
 Baghban (Muslim traditions) 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
 Baha'i 7,500 Hindi - - - - - 7,500
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bahna (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Bahrupi 5,000 Marathi 5,000 - - - - -
 Baidya (Hindu traditions) 800 Bengali 800 - - - - -
 Baiga 600 Hindi 500 20 20 20 - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 191,000 Hindi 191,000 - 500 - - 50
 Baiti 36,000 Marathi 36,000 - - - - -
Bajania 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Bajgar 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Bajikar (Muslim traditions) 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
Bakad 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Balai (Hindu traditions) 20,000 Hindi 20,000 - 200 - - -
Balasantoshi 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - 30 - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 51,000 Kannada 51,000 - - - - -
Balija Bogam 2,300 Telugu 2,300 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 6,100 Telugu 6,100 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Baloch 1,400 Urdu - 1,400 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania Agarwal 382,000 Hindi 268,000 - - - - 114,000
 Bania Agrahari 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Bania Bhatia 11,000 Gujarati 11,000 - - - - -
Bania Brittal 40 Assamese 40 - - - - -
Bania Chaturth 35,000 Marathi 5,500 - - - - 29,000
 Bania Chetti 96,000 Tamil 82,000 - - - - 14,000
Bania Dhusar 7,900 Hindi 7,900 - - - - -
 Bania Gahoi 14,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - 4,200
Bania Golapurab 100 Hindi 90 - - - - 50
Bania Gujar 152,000 Gujarati 151,000 - - - - 300
 Bania Jaiswal 21,000 Hindi 6,300 - - - - 14,000
Bania Kasar 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 60
 Bania Kasarwani 13,000 Hindi 12,000 - - - - 300
 Bania Kasaundhan 13,000 Hindi 13,000 - - - - -
Bania Khandelwal 5,700 Hindi 1,800 - - - - 3,900
 Bania Khedayata 2,000 Gujarati 2,000 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 51,000 Telugu 48,000 - - - - 3,100
 Bania Lad 63,000 Gujarati 58,000 - - - - 5,000
Bania Mahajan 21,000 Hindi 21,000 - - - - 400
 Bania Mahesri 34,000 Hindi 34,000 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 68,000 Hindi 59,000 - - - - 8,400
Bania Marwadi 3,400 Marwari 3,400 - - - - -
Bania Mewada 6,800 Gujarati 200 - - - - 6,600
Bania Modh 4,400 Gujarati 4,300 - - - - 100
Bania Nagar 8,800 Gujarati 8,800 - - - - -
 Bania Nima 43,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 27,000
 Bania Oswal 151,000 Hindi 37,000 - - - - 114,000
Bania Pancham 43,000 Kannada 7,100 - - - - 35,000
 Bania Porwal 66,000 Hindi 32,000 - - - - 34,000
Bania Saitwal 51,000 Hindi 20,000 - - - - 31,000
 Bania Srimali 79,000 Gujarati 30,000 - - - - 50,000
Bania Ummad 58,000 Hindi 23,000 - - - - 35,000
 Bania unspecified 3,725,000 Hindi 2,675,000 - - - 100 1,051,000
 Banijiga 19,000 Kannada 19,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,272,000 Lambadi 1,262,000 - 10,000 200 - -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Banjara Rathod (Hindu traditions) 115,000 Lambadi 114,000 - 400 - - -
 Baori 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Barda 2,600 Marathi 2,600 20 - - - -
 Bari (Hindu traditions) 104,000 Hindi 102,000 - 1,500 60 - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 28,000 Gujarati 28,000 - 400 - - -
Barutgar 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Basor 65,000 Hindi 65,000 - 800 20 - -
Basor Kandra 3,300 Marathi 3,200 - - 20 - -
 Bauri 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Bavcha 600 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 1,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,300 -
 Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Punjabi, Eastern 4,600 - - - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - 30 - - -
Bedar Bile 2,800 Kannada 2,800 - - - - -
Bedar Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 299,000 Kannada 299,000 - 600 - - -
 Beldar (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Beldar Lonari (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Kannada 27,000 - 60 - - -
Beldar Mith Gauda 300 Konkani, Goan 300 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 8,600 Kannada 8,600 - - - - -
 Bhaina 400 Chhattisgarhi 300 100 - - - -
 Bhampta 42,000 Marathi 42,000 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Bhand (Muslim traditions) 1,200 Urdu - 1,200 - - - -
 Bhandari 3,000 Odia 3,000 - - - - -
Bhangi Lal Begi (Muslim traditions) 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
Bhansala 206,000 Marathi 206,000 - - - - -
 Bhantu 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Bhar 500 Bhojpuri 500 - - - - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
 Bharia Bhumia 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - 30
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 61,000 Hindi 61,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 3,600 Urdu - 3,600 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - -
 Bhattra 1,300 Bhatri 1,300 20 - 20 30 -
Bhavit 6,800 Konkani, Goan 6,800 - - - - -
Bhil Aher 39,000 Marathi 39,000 30 - 20 - 60
Bhil Dhangri 400 Dungra Bhil 400 - - - - -
Bhil Dhanka 24,000 Gujarati 24,000 40 - 20 - 30
 Bhil Dubla 62,000 Bhili 62,000 80 - 30 - 90
Bhil Kataria 1,400 Wagdi 1,400 - - - - -
Bhil Mankar 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Bhil Mavchi (Hindu traditions) 212,000 Mawchi 204,000 3,700 50 1,100 - 2,800
Bhil Nihal 48,000 Hindi 43,000 2,900 20 200 - 1,900
Bhil Paware 111,000 Marathi 105,000 3,200 20 400 - 2,200
 Bhil Tadvi 78,000 Dangi 35,000 40,000 - 50 - 3,900
 Bhil unspecified 2,615,000 Hindi 2,492,000 66,000 2,100 16,000 500 38,000
 Bhil Vasave 727,000 Vasavi 695,000 15,000 200 2,600 100 13,000
 Bhisti 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 548,000 Hindi 547,000 - 1,100 - - -
 Bhotia Sikkim 100 Sikkimese - - 100 - - -
Bhottada 60 Kuvi 60 - - - - -
 Bhoyar 79,000 Hindi 79,000 - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bhuiya unspecified 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bhulia 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Bhumij 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Bhunjia 2,600 Bhunjia 2,600 - - - - -
 Biar (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Bidur 358,000 Marathi 357,000 - 600 - - -
Bindla 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Binjhia 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - 30
Birhor 300 Birhor 300 - - - - -
 Birjia 500 Bijori 500 - - - - -
 Bodo (Hindu traditions) Unknown Boro - - - - - -
 Bohra 318,000 Gujarati - 318,000 - - - -
 Boya 22,000 Telugu 22,000 - - - - -
Brahma Kshatriya 4,700 Gujarati 4,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 1,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,400 -
 Brahmin Acharaj 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavada 15,000 Gujarati 15,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 8,100 Gujarati 8,100 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 8,200 Gujarati 8,200 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 5,500 Bengali 5,500 - - - - -
 Brahmin Bhumihar 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Brahmin Chitpavan 448,000 Marathi 448,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Christian 900 Tamil - - - 900 - -
Brahmin Daima 4,900 Hindi 4,900 - - - - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 485,000 Marathi 485,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Devarukha 28,000 Marathi 28,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 178,000 Marathi 178,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 213,000 Hindi 213,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 22,000 Hindi 22,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujarati 111,000 Gujarati 111,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Havik 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 53,000 Hindi 53,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kanaujia 223,000 Hindi 223,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 49,000 Kannada 49,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karbadu 67,000 Marathi 67,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 58,000 Marathi 58,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kashmiri Pandit 25,000 Kashmiri 25,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Khandelwal 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Khedawal 7,400 Gujarati 7,400 - - - - -
 Brahmin Maha 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 160,000 Marathi 160,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Malvi 4,000 Malvi 4,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Mastan 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
Brahmin Mewada 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 9,500 Gujarati 9,500 - - - - -
Brahmin Nagar 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Ojha 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Palliwal 4,900 Hindi 4,900 - - - - -
 Brahmin Pushkarna 2,200 Marwari 2,200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sakaldwipi 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sanadhya 204,000 Hindi 204,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 99,000 Hindi 99,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 291,000 Hindi 291,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Srigaud 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Srimali 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tapodhan 2,400 Gujarati 2,400 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 32,000 Telugu 32,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin unspecified 4,831,000 Hindi 4,689,000 - 400 500 - 143,000
 Budega Jangam 32,000 Telugu 32,000 - - - - -
Buna (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Burmese 1,200 Burmese - - 1,200 - - -
Byagara 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 32,000 Konkani - 32,000 - - - -
 Chadar 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Chain 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 50 Tamil - - 20 30 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 5,500 Tamil 5,400 - 70 30 - -
 Chalvadi 3,900 Kannada 3,300 - 600 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 1,658,000 Hindi 1,607,000 - 38,000 14,000 - -
 Chamar (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Chamar Satnami 39,000 Hindi 37,000 - 1,700 600 - -
Chandala 30 Odia 30 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 40,000 Gujarati 40,000 - - - - -
 Chaudhari, tribal 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
 Chenchu 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Chenna Dasar 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Malayalam 2,800 - 50 - - -
Cherumar Christian 600 Malayalam - - - 600 - -
 Chhetri 800 Nepali 800 - 40 - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,200 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 42,000 Hindi 39,000 - 100 - - 2,800
 Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 70 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 70 -
 Chitara 2,200 Odia 2,200 - - - - -
 Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
 Chodhara 500 Chodri 400 - 30 - - -
 Christian 78,000 Hindi - - - 78,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 61,000 Marathi 61,000 - - - - -
 Dahait 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Dakkal 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
 Dangi 2,300 Hindi 2,300 - - - - -
 Darjee 60 Nepali 60 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 741,000 Hindi 725,000 - 6,200 - - 9,900
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Darzi Namdev (Hindu traditions) 46,000 Marathi 46,000 - 300 - - -
 Deshwali (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 7,900 Tulu 7,900 - - - - -
Devadiga Kalavant 900 Konkani 900 - - - - -
 Devanga 32,000 Kannada 31,000 - 1,100 - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Gujarati 16,000 - 200 - - -
 Dewar 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Dhakad 400 Hindi 400 - - - - 20
 Dhangar Bharwad 170,000 Gujarati 164,000 1,000 2,600 1,100 20 800
Dhangri 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
 Dhanka 41,000 Gujarati 32,000 8,500 30 40 - 800
 Dhanuk 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Dhanwar 5,100 Chhattisgarhi 5,000 - 50 - - -
Dhavad 2,000 Marathi - 2,000 - - - -
 Dhimar 645,000 Hindi 643,000 - 2,200 90 - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 691,000 Hindi 682,000 - 9,100 - - 200
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 25,000 Urdu - 25,000 - - - -
Dhobi Parit 186,000 Marathi 184,000 - 1,800 - - -
 Dhodia 21,000 Gujarati 21,000 60 20 20 - 100
 Dhor 137,000 Marathi 136,000 - 1,100 50 - -
Divehi 300 Maldivian - 300 - - - -
Dohor 23,000 Hindi 23,000 - 200 - - -
Dom (Dombara) 700 Telugu 700 - 20 - - -
 Domar (Hindu traditions) 4,200 Odia 4,200 - 20 - - -
 Dubla unspecified 19,000 Dubli 19,000 70 30 - - 50
 Dudekula 100 Telugu - 100 - - - -
Dulia 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
 Dusadh (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 3,900 Kannada 3,900 - 40 - - -
 Faqir 2,200 Urdu 300 1,900 - - 20 -
 Gadaba 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
 Gadaria Dhingar 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Gadaria Nikhad 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Gamit 80,000 Gamit 76,000 400 - 2,900 30 500
Gammalla Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Ganda 700 Odia 700 - - - - -
Gandharb (Muslim traditions) 900 Gujarati - 900 - - - -
 Gandla 7,000 Telugu 7,000 - - - - -
 Gangakula 38,000 Kannada 38,000 - 90 - - -
Gaondi 2,400 Marathi 2,400 - - - - 20
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 700 Gujarati 700 - - - - -
Garpaguri 29,000 Hindi 29,000 - 90 - - -
 Gauda 1,100 Odia 1,100 - - - - -
Ghadasi 9,600 Marathi 9,600 - - - - -
Ghadi 1,300 Konkani, Goan 1,300 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Muslim traditions) 30,000 Gujarati - 30,000 - - - -
 Gharti 30 Bengali 30 - - - - -
 Ghasiya (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Hindi 2,400 - - - - -
 Ghirth (Hindu traditions) 100 Mandeali 100 - - - - -
 Ghisadi 22,000 Marathi 22,000 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Goanese 193,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 193,000 - -
 Gokha 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Gond Arakh 51,000 Gondi, Northern 46,000 100 50 20 - 4,200
Gond Jhare 61,000 Gondi, Northern 56,000 200 60 30 - 5,100
Gond Mannewar 33,000 Gondi, Adilabad 31,000 80 50 20 - 1,500
 Gond Maria 506,000 Gondi, Northern 473,000 1,200 700 300 20 31,000
 Gond Muria 9,000 Hindi 8,700 - - - - 200
 Gond Rajgond 418,000 Gondi, Northern 400,000 800 800 200 - 17,000
Gond Sonjhari 57,000 Gondi, Northern 55,000 60 50 - - 1,800
 Gond unspecified 1,635,000 Hindi 1,548,000 5,900 3,200 1,200 300 74,000
 Gondhali 61,000 Marathi 60,000 - 500 - - -
Gopal 41,000 Gujarati 41,000 - 70 - - -
 Gosain unspecified 420,000 Hindi 417,000 - 3,000 - - 300
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Gowari 493,000 Marathi 492,000 - - 90 - 1,400
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 315,000 Hindi 314,000 - - - - 800
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Gujjar (Muslim traditions) 90 Gujari - 90 - - - -
 Guria 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Gurung Ghaleg 70 Nepali 40 - 30 - - -
 Hadi 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Hajam 29,000 Urdu - 29,000 - - - -
 Halam Unknown Kok Borok - - - - - -
 Halba 307,000 Marathi 297,000 1,100 500 80 30 8,200
Halleer 100 Konkani, Goan 80 - - - 40 -
Halsar 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 4,000 Hindi 4,000 - - - - -
Hammal 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 3,900 Chinese, Mandarin - - 3,500 - - 400
Hanabar 3,500 Tulu 3,500 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Hasalaru Unknown Tulu - - - - - -
 Hatkar 313,000 Marathi 308,000 - 5,100 - - -
 Hijda 194,000 Hindi 182,000 12,000 - - - -
 Hmar 20 Hmar - - - 20 - -
 Ho 40 Ho 40 - - - - -
 Holar 128,000 Marathi 127,000 - 1,500 60 40 -
 Holaya 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - 800 - - -
Idayan 7,200 Tamil 7,200 - - - - -
 Ilavan 46,000 Malayalam 46,000 - - - - -
Ilavan Christian 1,600 Tamil - - - 1,600 - -
Ilavaniyan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 132,000 Hindi 130,000 - - - - 1,800
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 3,000 Urdu - 3,000 - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 110,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 110,000 -
Jat Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Jat Chahil (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Jat Chima (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Jat Dagar (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Dehia (Hindu traditions) 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Jat Dehia (Sikh traditions) 2,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,500 -
 Jat Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern 700 - - - - -
Jat Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Jat Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,200 -
 Jat Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 1,800 Hindi 1,800 - - - - -
Jat Ghatwal (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Gil (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern 1,200 - - - - -
 Jat Gil (Sikh traditions) 2,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,100 -
Jat Kharral (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
 Jat Mann (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
Jat Mann (Sikh traditions) 500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 500 -
 Jat Pachhade (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat Rathi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Jat Sahrawat (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Sarai (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Jat Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 3,800 Punjabi, Eastern 3,800 - - - - -
 Jat Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 3,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,400 -
 Jat Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 3,500 Hindi 3,500 - - - - -
Jat Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 3,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,200 -
Jat Varaich (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
Jat Virk (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Javeri 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 5,200 Marathi - - - - - 5,200
 Jhalo Malo 60 Bengali 60 - - - - -
 Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 4,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,700 -
 Jingar 6,600 Marwari 6,600 - - - - 50
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 26,000 Bengali 25,000 - 300 - - -
Jogi Kanphata (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,800 - 200 - - -
 Julaha 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Kabirpanthi 3,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,300 -
 Kachari (Hindu traditions) 94,000 Marathi 94,000 - 90 - - -
 Kachera (Hindu traditions) 1,800 Odia 1,800 - - - - -
Kachera (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - 1,200
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Gujarati 21,000 - 300 - - -
 Kadia (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Kannada 24,000 - 700 - - -
Kaghzi 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 30,000 Hindi 30,000 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Kaibartta unspecified 6,000 Bengali 5,900 - 60 - - -
 Kaikadi 121,000 Kannada 121,000 - 30 - - -
 Kaikolan 1,400 Tamil 1,400 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 229,000 Telugu 225,000 - 2,900 - - 900
 Kalal Idiga 107,000 Telugu 106,000 - 1,000 - - 400
Kalavant 5,100 Kannada 5,100 - - - - -
 Kalbelia 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Kalingi 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
Kallan unspecified 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kalu 300 Bengali - 300 - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 241,000 Hindi 239,000 - 1,300 - - -
 Kamalia 17,000 Gujarati 17,000 - - - - -
 Kamar 1,900 Kamar 1,900 20 - - - -
Kamathi 234,000 Telugu 227,000 - 700 - - 6,600
 Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 70 - - - - 300
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 5,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,700 -
 Kami 80 Nepali 50 - 20 - - -
Kanai 53,000 Urdu - 53,000 - - - -
Kanakkan 1,700 Malayalam 1,700 - - - - -
 Kanaura 60 Kinnauri 60 - - - - -
Kandra 400 Odia 400 - - - - -
 Kandu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
 Kaora 800 Bengali 800 - - - - -
 Kapali 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
Kapewar 52,000 Telugu 52,000 - - - - -
 Kapu Reddi 64,000 Telugu 63,000 - 300 - - 60
 Kapu unspecified 225,000 Telugu 224,000 - 1,600 - - 60
Karan 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Karwal 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 183,000 Marathi 181,000 - 600 - - 1,800
Kasar Otari 8,400 Telugu 8,400 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 3,800 Kashmiri - 3,800 - - - -
 Kathodi 335,000 Marathi 333,000 700 300 300 40 1,200
Katia 6,100 Hindi 6,100 - 30 - - -
 Kawar 31,000 Hindi 31,000 100 40 - 40 200
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 41,000 Hindi 40,000 - 1,000 - - -
 Khairwar 2,300 Bengali 2,300 - - - - 20
 Khandait 1,100 Odia 1,100 - - - - -
 Khangar (Hindu traditions) 2,300 Hindi 2,300 - - - - -
 Kharia 1,200 Kharia 1,100 - - 100 - -
Kharot 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 192,000 Gujarati 186,000 - 5,800 - - -
 Khasi (War-Khasi) 600 Khasi - - - 600 - -
 Khati (Hindu traditions) 8,400 Hindi 8,000 - 300 - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 128,000 Hindi 127,000 - 900 30 90 -
Khatik (Muslim traditions) 14,000 Urdu - 14,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 59,000 Hindi 58,000 - - - - 600
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Gujarati - 11,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 3,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,900 -
 Khavar 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Khoja 322,000 Gujarati - 322,000 - - - -
 Kirar 33,000 Hindi 33,000 - - - - -
 Kisan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Koch (Hindu traditions) 300 Koch 300 - - - - -
 Kodaga 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
 Koiri (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Kokna 809,000 Kukna 800,000 5,500 400 2,300 100 1,100
 Kol 8,100 Hindi 8,000 20 60 - - -
 Kolha 96,000 Ho 95,000 - 600 70 - -
 Kolhati 32,000 Marathi 32,000 - 70 - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Hindi 16,000 - 600 40 - -
 Koli Dhor 267,000 Marathi 265,000 700 300 80 70 400
 Koli Mahadev 1,761,000 Marathi 1,749,000 3,900 3,600 1,100 300 3,200
 Koli Malhar 333,000 Marathi 327,000 600 3,800 100 30 700
 Koli of Gujarat 1,300 Gujarati 1,300 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 9,000 Gujarati 9,000 - - - - -
Koli Son 2,100 Marathi 2,100 - 30 - - -
 Kolowar 229,000 Kolami, Northwestern 227,000 500 200 100 40 1,300
 Kolta 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
Konai 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Koracha, caste 600 Kannada 600 - - - - -
Korama Kunchi 90 Kannada 90 - - - - -
 Korama unspecified 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - - - - -
 Kori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Korku 306,000 Korku 305,000 400 100 500 40 500
Korku Bawaria 16,000 Korku 16,000 - - 20 - -
Korku Muwasi 20,000 Korku 20,000 20 - 20 - 20
Korku Nahal 5,300 Korku 5,200 - 20 - - -
 Korwa 1,600 Telugu 1,600 - - - - -
 Koshti 615,000 Marathi 607,000 30 3,600 - - 4,400
Koya Racha Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Koya unspecified 500 Telugu 300 200 - - - -
Kuchbandia 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Kudumban 900 Tamil 900 - - - - -
 Kudumi 900 Tamil 900 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
 Kuki Chin Unknown Bengali - - - - - -
 Kuli 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Kumal 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 954,000 Hindi 946,000 - 8,200 - - 50
 Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 3,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,400 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 7,955,000 Gujarati 7,858,000 - 80,000 100 500 13,000
Kunbi Anjna 130,000 Gujarati 129,000 - 1,300 - - 50
Kunbi Dhaneja 35,000 Marathi 35,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Ghatole 256,000 Marathi 254,000 - 1,200 - - 70
Kunbi Hindre 23,000 Marathi 22,000 - 300 - - -
Kunbi Jadav 195,000 Marathi 195,000 - 400 - - 70
 Kunbi Kadwa 83,000 Gujarati 83,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Khaire 67,000 Marathi 67,000 - 60 - - -
 Kunbi Konkani 710,000 Konkani, Goan 680,000 - 30,000 - - 300
 Kunbi Lewa 258,000 Gujarati 258,000 - 200 - - -
Kunbi Lonari 102,000 Marathi 102,000 - 200 - - -
Kunbi Tirole 369,000 Marathi 368,000 - 900 - - -
Kunchatiga 5,100 Kannada 5,100 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 300 Tamil - - - 300 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Malayalam 2,600 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 40,000 Hindi 40,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 40,000 Kannada 40,000 - 300 - - -
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 4,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,300 -
 Ladakhi Unknown English - - - - - -
 Lakhera 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Lingader 6,200 Marathi 5,500 - - - - 700
 Lingayat 283,000 Kannada - - - - - 283,000
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 136,000 Hindi 136,000 - - - - -
 Lodha (Muslim traditions) 40 Urdu - 40 - - - -
 Lohana 36,000 Gujarati 35,000 - - - - 700
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 769,000 Hindi 763,000 - 5,900 20 - -
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 2,500 Urdu - 2,500 - - - -
Lohara 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 4,900 Hindi 4,900 - - - - -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 242,000 Gujarati 241,000 - 1,000 - - -
Machhi Mitna 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Madari (Muslim traditions) 2,800 Urdu - 2,800 - - - -
Madgi 67,000 Telugu 59,000 - 7,200 400 - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 2,800 Telugu - - - 2,800 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Telugu 17,000 - 900 90 - -
 Magar 300 Nepali 200 - 40 - - -
 Mahar (Buddhist traditions) 9,690,000 Marathi 2,866,000 - 6,808,000 13,000 5,300 -
 Mahar (Christian traditions) 439,000 Marathi - - - 439,000 - -
Mahar (Muslim traditions) 2,600 Marathi - 2,600 - - - -
 Mahishya 16,000 Bengali 16,000 - 200 - - -
 Mahli 236,000 Marathi 234,000 - 2,200 - - 60
Mahratta Gomatang 62,000 Marathi 62,000 - - - - -
 Mahratta Jadhav 3,289,000 Marathi 3,255,000 - 21,000 - - 13,000
 Mahratta Konkani 543,000 Marathi 540,000 - 3,200 - - 200
 Mahratta Kunbi 3,531,000 Gujarati 3,528,000 - 3,700 - - -
 Mahratta Pawar 718,000 Marathi 717,000 - - - - 1,200
 Mahratta Shinde 632,000 Marathi 614,000 - 16,000 - - 3,300
 Mahratta unspecified 27,550,000 Marathi 27,151,000 - 257,000 100 - 142,000
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 7,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 7,600 -
 Mahyavanshi 18,000 Gujarati 17,000 - 400 30 - -
Maila 70 Tulu 70 - - - - -
Mairal 1,500 Marathi 1,500 - - - - -
 Majhwar 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Majothi 300 Kacchi - 300 - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 3,300 Gujarati - 3,300 - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 4,000 Telugu - - - 4,000 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Telugu 17,000 - 800 60 - -
 Mala Dasari 2,100 Telugu 2,100 - - - - -
 Mala Jangam 9,500 Telugu 9,400 - - - 20 -
Mala Sale 500 Telugu 400 - 50 - - -
 Malabar Catholic 103,000 Malayalam - - - 103,000 - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 3,197,000 Hindi 3,173,000 - 24,000 30 - 200
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
 Mallah Kewat (Hindu traditions) 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Mallik (Muslim traditions) 186,000 Gujarati - 186,000 - - - -
Mana 261,000 Marathi 260,000 - 1,100 - - -
Manbhav 28,000 Marathi 28,000 - - - - -
Mandala (Hindu traditions) 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 47,000 Marathi 47,000 - 400 - - -
 Mangala 49,000 Telugu 49,000 - 300 - - -
 Mangrik 30 Ladakhi - - 30 - - -
 Manihar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Manne 2,900 Telugu 2,900 - 70 - - -
Mansoori 1,700 Gujarati - 1,700 - - - -
 Mappila 43,000 Malayalam - 43,000 - - - -
 Maravan 7,200 Tamil 7,200 - - - - -
Maru Kumhar 1,000 Gujarati 1,000 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 1,600 Kannada 1,600 - - - - -
Masthi 70 Telugu 50 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 208,000 Marathi - - - 208,000 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 2,941,000 Marathi 2,699,000 - 237,000 4,500 1,000 -
 Matia 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Mawalud 115,000 Urdu - 115,000 - - - -
 Mazhabi (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Meena 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 48,000 Hindi 45,000 - 2,300 - 40 -
 Meitei unspecified 500 Meitei 500 - - - - -
 Memon 287,000 Gujarati - 287,000 - - - -
 Mewati (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Miana 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
 Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 80 Punjabi, Eastern 80 - - - - -
 Mitha Ayyalvar 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Mizo 500 Mizo - - - 500 - -
Mizo Lushai 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 170,000 Bengali 160,000 - 6,000 4,000 - -
 Moger unspecified 9,900 Kannada 9,700 - 300 - - -
 Moghal 249,000 Urdu - 249,000 - - - -
 Molesalam 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Molvi 5,200 Gujarati - 5,200 - - - -
 Momna 11,000 Gujarati - 11,000 - - - -
 Mudugar 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 100 Malayalam - - - 100 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 20 Malayalam - 20 - - - -
Mukri 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
 Munda 500 Mundari 500 - - - - -
 Munnur 13,000 Telugu 13,000 - - - - -
 Murao (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 16,000 Telugu 16,000 - - - - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 7,700 Tamil - - - 7,700 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Tamil 14,000 - - - - -
 Nadia 400 Gujarati 300 - 30 - - -
 Naga 400 Nagamese - - - 400 - -
 Nagarchi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 987,000 Hindi 979,000 - 7,200 - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 4,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,400 -
 Naikda 26,000 Kannada 26,000 300 - 20 - 50
 Nair 69,000 Malayalam 69,000 - - - - -
Naksia 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Nalband 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Namassej (Hindu traditions) 6,800 Bengali 6,700 - 100 - - -
 Namassej Chandel 4,300 Bengali 4,300 - 60 - - -
Nanakshahi 1,300 Hindi - - - - 1,300 -
Nanbai 1,600 Urdu - 1,600 - - - -
 Nandiwale 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 5,800 Hindi 5,800 - - - - -
 Navithan 4,000 Tamil 4,000 - - - - -
 Newah 300 Nepali 300 - 50 - - -
 Oraon 51,000 Kurux 47,000 200 200 3,300 - 400
Padiar Unknown Konkani, Goan - - - - - -
 Paharia 4,100 Santhali 4,100 - - - - -
Paik 1,500 Odia 1,500 - - - - -
 Paliya 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 500 Tamil - - - 500 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 20,000 Tamil 20,000 - 50 - - -
 Pan 1,000 Odia 1,000 - 30 - - -
 Panchama 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Pandaram 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
Pangul 25,000 Marathi 25,000 - - - - -
 Panika 2,000 Chhattisgarhi 2,000 - - - - -
 Panka 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 5,900 Tamil - - - 5,900 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Tamil 13,000 - - - - -
Paravan (Christian traditions) Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
 Paravan (Hindu traditions) 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Pardhan 171,000 Pardhan 166,000 400 300 200 - 3,900
 Pardhi 263,000 Pardhi 260,000 1,500 800 100 70 1,200
 Parja unspecified 600 Odia 500 40 - - - -
 Parsee 74,000 Gujarati - - - - - 74,000
 Pashtun Afridi 82,000 Urdu - 82,000 - - - -
Pashtun Ghilzai 5,700 Urdu - 5,700 - - - -
 Pashtun Kakar 37,000 Urdu - 37,000 - - - -
Pashtun Khalil 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Pashtun Khan 9,300 Urdu - 9,300 - - - -
Pashtun Lodhi (Dalazak) 29,000 Urdu - 29,000 - - - -
Pashtun Malagori (Mullagari) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Pashtun Mohmand 27,000 Urdu - 27,000 - - - -
Pashtun Rohilla 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Pashtun Yusafzai 85,000 Urdu - 85,000 - - - -
 Pashtun, Pathan 1,212,000 Urdu - 1,212,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 24,000 - 400 - - -
Pasi Gujar 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Pasi Kaithwan 4,000 Hindi 4,000 - - - - -
 Pasi Rajpasi 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
 Patelia 3,100 Gujarati 2,800 70 20 100 - 80
 Patharwat 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - - - - -
Patlia 2,400 Hindi 2,400 - - - - -
Patralu 4,400 Odia 4,400 - - - - -
Patvekari (Hindu traditions) 3,500 Kannada 3,500 - - - - -
Patvekari (Muslim traditions) 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Patwa (Hindu traditions) 6,500 Hindi 6,200 - - - - 200
Pawaria (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Perka 8,800 Telugu 8,700 - 70 - - -
 Persian 3,900 Dari - 3,900 - - - -
Phudgi 12,000 Marathi 12,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Pindara 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
 Pinjara 100,000 Urdu - 100,000 - - - -
 Pod 4,900 Bengali 4,800 - 30 - - -
Poi 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Pomla 100 Gujarati 90 - - - - -
Prabhu 3,700 Gujarati 3,700 - - - - -
Prabhu Kayastha 300,000 Marathi 300,000 - - - - -
Prabhu Patane 73,000 Marathi 73,000 - - - - -
 Pulayan unspecified 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Pundari 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Qalaigar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Qassab 4,800 Urdu - 4,800 - - - -
Quam-e-Punjab 3,400 Punjabi, Eastern - 3,400 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Gujarati 11,000 - 100 - - -
 Rabha 50 Assamese 50 - - - - -
Rachband 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
 Raddi 2,200 Kannada 2,100 - 70 - - -
 Rahmani (Muslim traditions) 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Rai 100 Nepali 100 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Bengali 11,000 - 60 - - -
 Rajbhar 9,700 Hindi 9,600 - 90 - - -
Rajpur 1,900 Konkani, Goan 1,900 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 1,232,000 Hindi 1,218,000 - 70 30 - 14,000
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 57,000 Urdu - 57,000 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 34,000 Punjabi, Eastern 800 - - - 34,000 -
 Rajput Baghel (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bargujar (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Hindi 2,400 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhadauria 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 23,000 Hindi 23,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bundela 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput Chandel 6,000 Hindi 6,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 68,000 Hindi 68,000 - - - - -
Rajput Chavar Gaur 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
 Rajput Dikhit 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
 Rajput Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Garewal (Hindu traditions) 5,700 Hindi 5,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 9,700 Hindi 9,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Gautam (Hindu traditions) 6,300 Hindi 6,300 - - - - -
Rajput Jadu 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Rajput Janjua (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Rajput Joia (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Kachhwaha 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Hindu traditions) 81,000 Marathi 81,000 - - - - -
Rajput Manihas (Hindu traditions) 4,100 Hindi 4,100 - - - - -
Rajput Paik 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Rajput Parihar 5,400 Hindi 5,400 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 139,000 Hindi 139,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Rajput Pundir (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Hindi 34,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Rawat 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
 Rajput Saithwar 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Rajput Sakarwar (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Rajput Salehria (Hindu traditions) 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Sengar 6,100 Hindi 6,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Sisodia 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Solanki 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
Rajput Sombansi (Hindu traditions) 5,700 Hindi 5,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Rajput Tonwar (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Raju 800 Bengali 800 - - - - -
 Rajwar 3,600 Hindi 3,600 - - - - -
Ralte 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 4,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,900 -
Ramoshi 373,000 Marathi 373,000 - - - - -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 217,000 Marathi 215,000 - 1,600 - - 400
 Rangrez (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
 Rathawa 400 Rathawi 400 - - - - -
 Rathia (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Ravalia 6,300 Gujarati 6,300 - - - - -
 Rawal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rawat 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Rayeen (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
Sagar 2,400 Gujarati 2,400 - - - - -
Sagarbanshi 70 Odia 70 - - - - -
Sahi 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 5,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,900 -
Salat (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Gujarati 1,900 - 80 - - -
 Sali 479,000 Kannada 474,000 - 4,800 - - 400
 Salvi 70 Mewari 70 - - - - -
Sangar 38,000 Marathi 38,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 500 - 20 - - -
 Santal (Sawntal) 200 Santhali 200 - - - - -
 Saora unspecified 400 Odia 400 - - - - -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 4,600 Punjabi, Eastern 4,600 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 7,400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 7,400 -
 Sarki 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
 Satani 3,500 Telugu 3,400 - 30 - - -
Sauntia 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
 Sayyid 1,510,000 Urdu - 1,510,000 - - - -
Sayyid Husaini 52,000 Urdu - 52,000 - - - -
 Segidi 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
Shabar 80 Odia 80 - - - - -
Shaikh Faruqi 90,000 Urdu - 90,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 957,000 Urdu - 957,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Siddiqi 295,000 Urdu - 295,000 - - - -
 Shaikh unspecified 7,467,000 Urdu - 7,466,000 - 80 - -
Shaikh Usmani 59,000 Urdu - 59,000 - - - -
 Shenva (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Gujarati 1,500 - 40 - - -
 Sherpa 40 Nepali - - 40 - - -
Shinligar 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
 Siddi (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Kannada 1,000 - - - - -
 Siddi (Muslim traditions) 300 Gujarati - 300 - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 17,000 Urdu - 17,000 - - - -
 Silawat (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Silawat (Muslim traditions) 100 Marwari - 100 - - - -
 Sindhi (Muslim traditions) 10,000 Sindhi - 10,000 - - - -
 Sindhi Mohana 700 Sindhi - 700 - - - -
 Sindhi Samon 500 Sindhi - 500 - - - -
 Sindhi Sumra 300 Gujarati - 300 - - - -
Sindhollu 1,200 Telugu 1,000 - - - 200 -
 Sinhalese 1,000 Sinhala - - 1,000 - - -
 Somvanshi 341,000 Marathi 341,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 1,339,000 Hindi 1,317,000 - 11,000 - - 11,000
 Sonar (Sikh traditions) 1,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,800 -
Sonar Aksali 52,000 Marathi 51,000 - 400 - - -
Sonjhara 1,900 Odia 1,900 - - - - -
Sudra 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Bengali 12,000 - - - - -
 Sunri Sadhubanik 4,200 Bengali 4,200 - - - - -
 Sunuwar 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Sutradhar (Hindu traditions) 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 137,000 Malayalam - - - 137,000 - -
 Tai Man 30 Phake - - 30 - - -
Takari 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Tamang 200 Nepali 100 - 40 - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 515,000 Hindi 511,000 - 3,600 - - 90
 Tamboli (Muslim traditions) 6,600 Urdu - 6,600 - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 31,000 Tamil - 31,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Bengali 2,600 - - - - -
 Targala 2,900 Gujarati 2,900 - - - - -
Taria 5,100 Marathi 5,100 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 14,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 14,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 1,835,000 Hindi 1,816,000 - 18,000 100 700 200
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 43,000 Urdu - 43,000 - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Hindu traditions) 43,000 Marathi 41,000 - 1,400 - - -
Teli Ganiga (Muslim traditions) 1,400 Urdu - 1,400 - - - -
Teli Sahu 94,000 Marathi 94,000 - 100 - - -
 Thakar 103,000 Marathi 103,000 - - - - -
 Thakkar 668,000 Marathi 666,000 1,600 300 200 100 1,000
 Thakuri 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Tharu 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - 20
 Tibetan 3,000 Tibetan, Central - - 3,000 - - -
 Tili 1,700 Bengali 1,700 - - - - -
 Tipera 100 Kok Borok - 100 - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
Tirmali 13,000 Marathi 13,000 - - - - -
 Tiyar 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Turi (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Turkmen 200 Turkmen - 200 - - - -
 Urali 70 Malayalam 70 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 440,000 Telugu 438,000 - 1,800 - - -
 Vakkaliga unspecified 151,000 Kannada 150,000 - 400 - - -
Valmiki (Buddhist traditions) 4,500 Hindi - - 4,500 - - -
Valmiki (Christian traditions) 3,300 Hindi - - - 3,300 - -
 Valmiki (Hindu traditions) 251,000 Hindi 251,000 - - - - -
Valmiki (Muslim traditions) 19,000 Urdu - 19,000 - - - -
Valmiki (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Valmiki Mehtar 28,000 Hindi 28,000 - - - - -
Vaniyan 4,900 Tamil 3,700 - - 1,200 - -
 Vanjara 987,000 Marathi 985,000 - 2,500 - - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 600 Tamil - - - 600 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Tamil 3,200 - - - - -
 Vanniyan 81,000 Tamil 81,000 - - - - -
 Varli 937,000 Varli 931,000 1,200 200 1,800 100 3,200
Vasudev 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 1,100 Tamil - - - 1,100 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
 Veerabhadreeya (Viramushti) 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Velama 5,200 Telugu 5,200 - - - - -
Velan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 1,500 Tamil 1,500 - - 60 - -
 Vellalan unspecified 12,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
 Viswakarma Asari 4,300 Malayalam 4,300 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 1,300 Malayalam 1,300 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Panchal 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
 Viswakarma unspecified 236,000 Telugu 236,000 - 400 - - 30
Vitholia 700 Gujarati 600 40 - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 1,363,000 Hindi 1,358,000 - 3,500 40 40 80
 Yadav Dhindhor 38,000 Hindi 38,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gaoli 6,300 Hindi 6,300 - - - - -
 Yadav Ghosi 35,000 Hindi 35,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 131,000 Telugu 131,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gualbans (Hindu traditions) 209,000 Hindi 209,000 - - - - -
Yadav Nandbans 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
 Yadav Rawat 9,000 Hindi 9,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Sadgope 5,000 Bengali 5,000 - - - - -
 Yakthumba, Limbu 40 Nepali 40 - - - - -
 Yenadi 5,300 Telugu 5,300 - - - - -
Yerava 600 Ravula 600 - - - - -
 Yerukula 800 Yerukula 800 - - - - -
Zarekari 700 Gujarati - 700 - - - -
  Totals:  870 137,643,000   806 110,656,000 15,127,000 7,753,000 1,298,000 255,000 2,559,000
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