Adamawa Fulani in Cameroon

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Many centuries ago, the Fulani tribes migrated from northern Africa and the Middle East into Central and West Africa. Most of them are still nomadic shepherds who travel with their flocks, in search of better grazing land. They are located in an almost horizontal strip across West Africa. The Sahara Desert forms their northernmost boundary, while the threat of tsetse flies control their movement to the south. Over the years, some of the Adamawa Fulani have advanced from being exclusively shepherds to being scholarly, influential leaders in their communities.

The Fulani tribes are grouped and named according to their locations, occupations, and dialects. The Adamawa Fulani are the group of Fulani who live in Nigeria's Adamawa province. There are also Fulani groups found in Cameroon and Chad, but these trace their origins back to the Adamawa Fulani of Nigeria. They have lighter skin, thinner lips, and straighter hair than other African groups living near them.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Although most of the Adamawa Fulani are shepherds, some also raise a few crops such as sorghum or corn. They trade with neighboring tribes for millet, yams, and peanuts. Milk is the main staple in their diet, and this distinguishes them from the tribes who do not milk their cattle. They also produce butter, which can be traded in the markets.

The Fulani nomads live in "wet season camps" while planting and harvesting. The pastures are lush and green, and the cattle graze freely. These camps consist of beehive-like huts made of woven twigs, leaves, and grass. During the dry seasons they camp in portable huts, moving the cattle or sheep to well-watered lands in the flood plains.

Adamawa Fulani men hunt, trade livestock, and tend to the herds. While the older men exercise the leadership of the tribes, it is the duty of the younger men to move the herds. Young boys are responsible for helping their older brothers with the herds. The women usually milk the cattle and sell butter in the markets.

The Fulani are a proud people who teach their young children to have tribal dignity. Fulani children are required to love their mothers and respect their elders. They are also taught to strictly hold on to important values such as generosity, honesty, and modesty.

While Fulani children are still infants, marriages are arranged for them by their parents. When a boy is initiated into manhood, he moves into a separate hut. This hut will eventually become the home of his fiance. Young girls look forward to being married, since this will give them a higher social status. Having many children will also bring them honor.

The Fulani have an unusual way of initiating boys into manhood. The young boys must beat each other across the chest with walking sticks while showing no signs of pain. Throughout the rest of their lives, these scars are proudly shown as signs of courage.

There are many "taboos" within the Fulani culture. For example, they are forbidden to call a first son or daughter by name. When in public, wives must stay at a distance, but are watched over by their husbands. Goat meat may not be eaten and beef is only eaten at formal ceremonies.

The Fulani traditionally remain both physically and psychologically distant from non-Fulani. They are very reserved and show no strong emotions. In fact, their only emotional ties appear to be with their herds. It is said that no one really knows what a Fulani is thinking. He is gentle, yet shows disdain towards outsiders.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Adamawa Fulani are largely Muslim; however, like many other Fulani tribes, their Islamic practices are a bit lax. Many still follow the traditional beliefs and practices of their ancestors.

What Are Their Needs?

Very few have become followers of Christ. Further evangelization efforts are needed to successfully reach them with the Gospel.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Adamawa in Cameroon.

* Ask the Lord to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that God will call those who are willing to go to Cameroon and share Christ with the Fulani.
* Ask the Lord to give Adamawa Fulani believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Pray that the Fulani elders will be led to Christ and, in turn, begin leading their families to Him.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Adamawa Fulani towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Cameroon's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Adamawa Fulani.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

The Waiting World - The Fulani
Source:  The Waiting World      Download

Additional Info
Fulani profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-02-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-21
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulani, Adamawa
People Name in Country Fulani, Adamawa
Natural Name Adamawa Fulani
Population this Country 2,630,000
Population all Countries 5,341,000
Total Countries 8
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 53
Alternate Names Adamawa; Bagirmi Fulani; Falata; Fellata; Fula; Fulba Kita; Fulfulde-Fulani; Gewe; Gueve; Igboro Fulani; Kano-Katsina; Puel; Sudanese Fula; Toroobe; Voila
People ID 11774
ROP3 Code 103079
Country Cameroon
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Widespead in Adamawa, Far North, and North regions.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Cameroon
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Widespead in Adamawa, Far North, and North regions..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Fulani, Adamawa in Cameroon
Primary Language Fulfulde, Adamawa (2,630,000 speakers)
Language Code fub   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Fulfulde, Adamawa (2,630,000 speakers)
Language Code fub   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Fulfulde, Adamawa

Primary Language:  Fulfulde, Adamawa

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1919-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1963-1964)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1983-2018)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (Faith Comes By Hearing)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Adamawa (Faith Comes By Hearing)
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Fulfulde, Adamawa
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Gospel resources links (Scripture Earth)
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from Faith Comes By Hearing
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde Bible & DC
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Sunni
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.30 %)
1.40 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
98.60 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
15.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
5.0 %
50.0 %
Roman Catholic
30.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2021  Anton Ivanov - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Video Source The Waiting World
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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