The word Sephard was the name used by Jews in medieval times for the Iberian Peninsula. Sephardim Jews, then, are the descendants of the Jews who lived in Spain or Portugal prior to expulsion in 1492 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. Sephardim also have a distinctive language called Ladino, or Judeo-Spanish. This is a dialect of Castilian Spanish with Hebrew and Turkish elements.
Many of the Jewish people who were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492 went south to Morocco where they intermingled with the Berber peoples. They lived in their own Jewish quarters. Jews were dhimmis, meaning a religious minority that paid special taxes. The Muslim sultan protected them; he viewed an attack on religious minorities as an attack on his power. Jewish people in Muslim Morocco fared better there than they did in "Christian" Europe.
Those who speak Judean-Moroccan Arabic usually live in Israel. The small community that speaks this language in Morocco lives in Casablanca and Fes
Today there are not many Jewish people in Morocco. Most have migrated to Israel. Instead of speaking Hebrew or Ladino, they speak Judeo-Moroccan Arabic. This is a variation of the Arabic spoken in Morocco.
Most of the remaining Jewish people in Morocco are elderly. They are trying to maintain their traditional culture and language. It’s very possible that there won’t be Jews in Morocco by the end of this century.
For religious Jews, God is the Supreme Being, the Creator of the universe, and the ultimate judge of human affairs. Beyond this, the religious beliefs of the Jewish communities vary greatly. Orthodox Jews generally follow the traditional religious beliefs and practices found in the Jewish literature that interprets Scripture regarding ethical, religious, civil, and criminal matters.
Reform Jews do not believe that God reveals the Jewish Law. They are not restricted to kosher foods. They neither wear the skullcap (yarmulke) when praying nor use Hebrew in prayer. All religious Jews believe in the coming of a Messianic Age, but only the Orthodox Jews look for a personal Messiah.
Many Jewish people keep cultural Judaism, but they have rejected the spiritual elements taught in the Old Testament. They might take part in cultural events and even religious ceremonies, but they are secular or New Age in their spiritual lives.
Jewish people have a wonderful understanding of their connection with the Abrahamic Covenant. However, they also have a history of rejecting Jesus Christ as Messiah, the one who has fulfilled that covenant. They tend to view Christianity as the religion of their oppressors rather than the fulfillment of what God promised all of humanity through Abraham centuries ago.
* Scripture Prayers for the Jew, Judeo-Moroccan in Morocco.
Pray for the Lord to give the Jewish people in Morocco hearts that will want to please him. May they look to the Lord for guidance and truth, and not be satisfied with cultural traditions.
Pray for Jewish people in Morocco to begin a movement to Jesus Christ, finding ways to exalt him while honoring their culture.
Pray for the Lord to move among Jewish leaders in Morocco to open the doors to Christ’s ambassadors.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|Global Prayer Digest: 2006-11-01|
|People Name General||Jew, Judeo-Morrocan|
|People Name in Country||Jew, Judeo-Moroccan|
|Natural Name||Judeo-Moroccan Jew|
|Population this Country||2,100|
|Population all Countries||64,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|GSEC||1 (per PeopleGroups.org)|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Arab; Arab, Judeo-Moroccan; Judeo-Moroccan Speaking; Moroccan Jew|
|Region||Africa, North and Middle East|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||27 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Location in Country||Grand Casablanca region. Source: Ethnologue 2016|
|Primary Language||Arabic, Judeo-Moroccan|
|Language Code||aju Ethnologue Listing|
|Primary Religion:||Ethnic Religions|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.00 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|