Karakalpak in Kazakhstan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Karakalpaks ("Kara" meaning black, and "Kalpak" meaning hat) live primarily in northwestern Uzbekistan. The Karakalpaks emerged as a confederation of tribes at some time in the 15th or 16th centuries. They are genetically highly heterogeneous. During the 1500s, they became virtually independent, although they were not united. Unfortunately, their independence was short lived. Over the next 200 years, they became subjects of the Dzungarians, the Bukharans and the Kazakhs. The Dzungarians forced them to flee in two directions. One group, the upper Karakalpaks, went up the Syr Darya River to the Ferghana Basin. The second, the lower Karakalpaks, moved closer to the Aral Sea. Before the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Karakalpaks were a loose alliance of semi-nomadic tribes. However, in the 1920s, the Karakalpak republic was established in Uzbekistan, a region that is extremely dry and rarely receives more than 4. 5 inches of rain a year. The Karakalpak tribes are divided into clans called uru. The uru are further sub-divided into family groups called koshes. The members of a koshe are the descendants of a common male ancestor. They share land and are extremely loyal to each other. The Karakalpak language is divided into two dialects: northeastern, which is very similar to Kazakh, and southwestern, which is more like Uzbek. Their language had no written script until 1930. Though most Karakalpak people live in Uzbekistan, there are smaller populations in Russia, Turkey, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Karakalpaks in Kazakhstan are generally poor, and unemployment is high, but people do what they can to make a living, working on their vegetable plots and gardens, fishing, selling at markets, raising livestock, doing casual or seasonal jobs, etc. There is no social security system, just a network of local committees who can provide temporary support for the severely destitute. Karakalpak societies are patrilineal, which means that the line of descent is traced through the males. Large families are the ideal, and the nuclear family is composed of as many as four generations in the same household. The Karakalpaks believe that families who share meals together will stay close. The majority of Karakalpak boys and girls receive schooling up to the age of 15 or 16. Although school attendances have fallen since independence in 1991, the great majority of both boys and girls are still enrolled in primary schools. Literacy rates are high. Girls often marry at age 16 or 17 right after they finish school. Rites of passage are important to the Karakalpak people. When a baby is born, a Karakalpak mother will invite all family members to come meet the baby. They embrace marriages as the way to merge two families and keep their family lines alive. They celebrate weddings for days with music, dancing, speeches, and feasts. When someone dies, there are rituals that the bereaved family must do while mourners come to extend their sympathy. A Muslim mullah will lead the procession to the graveyard where he utters the final prayers. The family is responsible for burying the deceased.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Karakalpaks are Sunni Muslims of the conservative Hanafite branch. "Sunni," is derived from the Islamic term, sunnah, which means "well-trodden path. " Sunnis believe that the correct path is that of the majority. Sunnis expect conformity to the majority belief in religious and political matters. The Karakalpak people are noted for their participation in the Sufi sect of Islam. Some Sufi Muslims are known for practicing self-hypnosis which is induced by frenzied dancing and chanting.


What Are Their Needs?

The Karakalpak people suffer from health issues, and they do not usually have access to adequate medical facilities. Very few Karakalpaks have ever heard the gospel; among those who have heard, very few have responded. There are only a few reported church members among the Karakalpak people in any country where they reside including Kazakhstan.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Karakalpak in Kazakhstan.

Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers who will be compelled to nurture a movement to Christ among the Karakalpak people. Pray for a Jesus movement among the Karakalpaks in Kazakhstan that will spread joy, peace, reconciliation, and salvation to other peoples in Central Asia. Pray for the Karakalpak culture to be renewed and enhanced by a work of the Holy Spirit and shaped into a God-centered and God-honoring mold. Pray for the Holy Spirit to move among Karakalpak family and community leaders to seek his face and enjoy his blessings. Pray that soon the Karakalpak people will have faith that will lead them to live honorable lives that will draw others to the Savior.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Karakalpak
People Name in Country Karakalpak
Pronunciation kar-ah-KAHL-pahk
Population this Country 3,500
Population all Countries 885,000
Total Countries 8
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Black Hat; Kara-Kalpak; Karapapakh; Qaraqalpaqs; Qoraqalpogs; करकलपक
People ID 12526
ROP3 Code 104638
Country Kazakhstan
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Kazakhstan
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 47  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Primary Language Karakalpak (3,500 speakers)
Language Code kaa   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Karakalpak (3,500 speakers)
Language Code kaa   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Karakalpak

Primary Language:  Karakalpak

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1996)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2004)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Karakalpak
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video Rivka video
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Karakalpak
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
80.00 %
Non-Religious
20.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source David and Sue Richardson 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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