Karingani in Iran

The Karingani have only been reported in Iran
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Talysh peoples inhabit the northwestern regions of Iran and part of neighboring Azerbaijan. They occupy a land of sharp contrasts, ranging from the high, forested Talysh Mountains to the subtropical coastal land along the Caspian Sea. They refer to themselves as the Talushon Although all of them speak their own Talysh dialect, most are also fluent in the local trade languages, especially Farsi. The Talysh have several subgroups, each with their own dialect, including the Karingani. The Talysh have lived in the southwest Caspian Sea region for thousands of years. They came under Turkish influence during the Middle Ages, but established their own independent khanate, or kingdom, in the 1600s.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lifestyles of the Karingani vary greatly due to the differences in their environments. However, regardless of the region in which they live, the majority of Karingani Talysh are farmers. In some areas, rice is the primary crop; in others, they grow wheat and barley. They raise tea and citrus fruits in the lowlands near the Caspian Sea. Many of the Karingani living in the lowlands cultivate fresh produce, including garlic, onions, pumpkins, melons, peas, and grapes.
Not all the Karingani Talysh are farmers. Some have become skilled craftsmen. Their primary handicrafts include silk, rugs and felt. Some work with tin, make shoes or design jewelry. The Karingani live in various styles of houses, depending on the region in which they are located. Those in the mountainous areas typically live in flat-roofed homes built of uncut stone. Those in the coastal zone live in clay houses that have roofs made of reeds or sedge (grass-like plants with solid stems). The homes usually have high doors reaching to the ceiling, since there is no opening in the roof to allow smoke from the cooking fires to escape. Traditional Karingani homes have no furniture. However, today, a growing number of homes have adopted Western-style furnishings. Karingani women once wore traditional Muslim clothing, which consisted of veils over their faces and long robes that completely covered their bodies. Today, many Karingani women have abandoned the customary outfit and wear Western-style clothing. Although Islamic law permits men to have as many as four wives, most Karingani men take only one wife. Boys usually marry while they are between the ages of 15 and 20. Girls usually wed while they are between the ages of 12 and 16. The groom's family is required to pay a bride-price, or kebin, which consists of money and items such as carpets or utensils. To avoid paying the kebin, a young man will sometimes "kidnap" the prospective bride, taking her as his wife.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Karingani Talysh are virtually all Muslim, primarily of the Shia branch. They consider Jesus to be a prophet, a teacher, and a good man, but not God's son. Since Islam is a religion of works, they believe that after death they will be judged by their good deeds and by their knowledge of the Koran. Like other Muslims, they observe the five "pillars" of Islam, which include affirming that Allah is the only god and Mohammed is his prophet, praying five times a day, giving alms, fasting, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. Although the Karingani Talysh are professing Muslims, some remnants of their pre-Islamic religion remain. For example, they have a great reverence for trees and groves, and trees form some of their most sacred sites. They also believe in the presence of both good and evil spirits, with the most dangerous spirit being Alazhan, the "Red Woman. " Alazhan is believed to attack women during childbirth, as well as newborn babies.


What Are Their Needs?

Very few have had an opportunity to hear a clear presentation of the gospel. These precious people are in desperate need of biblical resources in their own language. There is a need for Holy Spirit-anointed and willing laborers to effectively reach these groups with the light of the gospel. Most importantly, they need people who will begin to faithfully intercede for them, tearing down the strongholds that are keeping them in spiritual bondage.


Prayer Points

Pray for intercessors to faithfully pray for the Talysh peoples of Iran and Azerbaijan.
Pray that God will send culturally sensitive ambassadors of Christ who will show the Karingani Talysh people the way to the cross.
Pray for a movement to Christ to grow exponentially among this people group soon. Pray for the Karingani Talysh people to be blessed with peace, joy and spiritual prosperity as they follow Jesus Christ.


Scripture Prayers for the Karingani in Iran.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Karingani
People Name in Country Karingani
Pronunciation kah-reen-GAH-nee
Alternate Names Talysh
Population this Country 24,000
Population all Countries 24,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 12541
ROP3 Code 104669
ROP25 Code 303740
ROP25 Name Karingani
Country Iran
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 9  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Azarbayjan-e Sharqi Province, Dizmar district, Keringan village; Hasanu district, northeast of Tabriz.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Iran
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 9  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Azarbayjan-e Sharqi Province, Dizmar district, Keringan village; Hasanu district, northeast of Tabriz..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Karingani in Iran Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Karingani (24,000 speakers)
Language Code kgn   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Karingani (24,000 speakers)
Language Code kgn   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Karingani

Primary Language:  Karingani

Bible Translation Status:  Unspecified

Resource Type Resource Name Source
None reported  
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Adam Jones - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group location: SIL / Web research. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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