Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Jhinwar people are live in India and Pakistan. At the Partition of 1947 most of the Hindu Jhinwar moved to India and the Muslim Jhinwar located to Pakistan. There also a sizable Sikh community among the Jhinwar. A small population of Hindu Jhinwar chose to stay behind and continue to live in Pakistan. The traditional occupation of the Jhinwar has been related to water, in fishing, boating and as water carriers. Others work in agriculture as farmers, day laborers or in grinding grain. Illiteracy is a major issue for the Jhinwar especially among the women and girls. The gospel will need to be presented to the Jhinwar in oral and visual forms. The two main languages of the Jhinwar in Pakistan are Western Punjabi and Urdu. The New Testament and the JESUS Film are available in Western Punjabi.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Some Jhinwar work in business as traders in fish and mutton. Many urban Jhinwar work in factories and in construction. Some rural Jhinwar make baskets for a living. Many of the Jhinwar are now day laborers in agriculture. Women carry water to villages and work as domestics. As Hindus, they will not eat beef. Most Jhinwar did not eat pork so as to not offend their Muslim neighbors. They marry as adults. One marriage to one spouse is their normal pattern. Divorce and remarriage are not favorably accepted by them. Families arrange marriages within their group. Sons inherit property upon their father's death.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The small group of Jhinwar in India practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Jhinwar visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Jhinwar people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday. Many Hindu Jhinwar in Pakistan also celebrate Muslim holidays. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories. Dalits and tribal peoples are outside of the caste system. The Jhinwar fall into the working caste.


What Are Their Needs?

The Hindu Jhinwar of Pakistan would benefit by new job skills and better education for their children. Rural Jhinwar need access to modern medicine and clean water. Most of all the Jhinwar must hear and understand the life-changing message about Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) in India.

Pray that God's Holy Spirit will open new doors in hearts to positive changes among Jhinwar people. Pray for the Jhinwar people to have a Holy Spirit driven hunger for spiritual truth that will drive them to Jesus Christ and the Bible. Pray for the Lord to thrust out new workers who will lovingly stick with these people until they have a church planting movement. Pray for a disciple making movement to sweep through all Jhinwar communities in this decade.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-09-23
People Name General Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation JIN-var
Population this Country 681,000
Population all Countries 683,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 14
Alternate Names Daurha; Dhenwar; Dhimar; Dhiwar; Dorha; Jheewar; Jhinwar; Jhiwar; Jimar; Kahar; Kashyab Rajput; Kashyap Rajput; Mallah; Mashki; Mehre; झींवर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17010
ROP3 Code 112336
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Punjab
261,000
Haryana
182,000
Delhi
111,000
Jammu and Kashmir
56,000
Himachal Pradesh
52,000
Chandigarh
16,000
Uttar Pradesh
1,800
Rajasthan
1,000
Uttarakhand
30
West Bengal
10
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Punjab 261,000
  Haryana 182,000
  Delhi 111,000
  Jammu and Kashmir 56,000
  Himachal Pradesh 52,000
  Chandigarh 16,000
  Uttar Pradesh 1,800
  Rajasthan 1,000
  Uttarakhand 30
  West Bengal 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (252,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Hindi
243,000
Dogri
28,000
Haryanvi
25,000
Kangri
23,000
Mandeali
5,600
Bilaspuri
4,900
Kashmiri
3,500
Bagri
2,500
Chambeali
900
Bhattiyali
300
Pahari, Kullu
70
Pahari, Mahasu
30
Kinnauri
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (252,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 243,000
  Dogri 28,000
  Haryanvi 25,000
  Kangri 23,000
  Mandeali 5,600
  Bilaspuri 4,900
  Kashmiri 3,500
  Bagri 2,500
  Chambeali 900
  Bhattiyali 300
  Pahari, Kullu 70
  Pahari, Mahasu 30
  Kinnauri 10
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video Satsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video Who Can Help You?
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.05 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.95 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2022  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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