Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The name Lunia comes from Lun or Nun meaning "moist," and is the name for sea salt. Hindu society classes Lunia people as the lowest of the four caste blocks.


Where Are they Located?

They live in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and a small number are in West Bengal where they are classed as a scheduled caste.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Lunia people farm, build roads, and railways, do various construction work, and dig wells. Many are farmers on small plots of land that they own. A select few work in government as political leaders, and in private occupations. Others are doctors or lawyers.
Lunias marry only among their sub-caste or subgroup. They accept both adult and child marriages. The bridegroom goes to the home of his bride, marries her, and they live in the home of his parents. Usually marriages are arranged by negotiation. They permit divorce and
re-marriage.
When the father dies, the oldest son becomes leader of the family. Sons and daughters inherit the property of their parents equally. The widowed mother receives some income if she does not marry again.

Opinions of women are considered, but the final decisions are made by men. Lunia women do housework, collect firewood, and participate in rituals, social and religious matters.

Lunia have a regional association in Kanpur and Delhi to promote their needs to the government. Crime is common where they live.

They speak in Hindi and read and write in Devanagari.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Lunia people are Hindus, worshiping many gods and goddesses. They also worship their ancestors and celebrate Hindu festivals. Varanasi is the main pilgrimage place for these Hindus. Brahmin priests perform birth, marriage and death rituals for them. The deceased are cremated, but children less than five years old are buried. Birth and death pollution periods take place for a set time.


What Are Their Needs?

Written, audio, and visual Scripture resources exist in the Hindi language. Lunia people need primarily audio and visual resources since their literacy level is below national average.
They need to understand that the gods they worship cannot give them eternal life, nor can they correct their sin problems. Lunia people are unreached.


Prayer Points

Pray that doors will open wide to the use of the JESUS Film in Hindi and that much fruit will abound including house churches.
Pray for a major mobilization of prayer worldwide for Lunia people.
Pray for entire clans and extended Lunia families to embrace the Savior and begin house churches.


Scripture Prayers for the Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/lunia/


Profile Source:   Karen Hightower  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-05
People Name General Lunia (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Lunia (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation loo-nee-AH
Population this Country 3,770,000
Population all Countries 3,889,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 75
Alternate Names Agri; Behari; Bihari; Chauhan; Chunari; Hindustani; Jhumaria Parmer; Kharwat; Lonari; Londhari; Lunia; Luniya; Luniyar; Mungar; Murha; Nonia; Noniar; Noongar; Nungar; Nunia; Nuniya; Paschinafati; Sambhri; Sambhri Chauhan; Tel Julaha; Teli Julaha; Uppar; लूनिया (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17391
ROP3 Code 112789
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
2,153,000
Bihar
1,431,000
West Bengal
72,000
Madhya Pradesh
44,000
Jharkhand
24,000
Maharashtra
4,900
Uttarakhand
3,000
Odisha
2,200
Assam
1,900
Tripura
1,600
Haryana
1,600
Himachal Pradesh
1,200
Delhi
800
Chhattisgarh
400
Chandigarh
300
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  Uttar Pradesh 2,153,000
  Bihar 1,431,000
  West Bengal 72,000
  Madhya Pradesh 44,000
  Jharkhand 24,000
  Maharashtra 4,900
  Uttarakhand 3,000
  Odisha 2,200
  Assam 1,900
  Tripura 1,600
  Haryana 1,600
  Himachal Pradesh 1,200
  Delhi 800
  Chhattisgarh 400
  Chandigarh 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (1,870,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhojpuri
937,000
Maithili
111,000
Awadhi
105,000
Bengali
60,000
Kanauji
40,000
Magahi
25,000
Bagheli
8,100
Chhattisgarhi
3,100
Bundeli
2,300
Angika
2,100
Garhwali
1,600
Odia
1,400
Assamese
1,100
Malvi
1,000
Punjabi, Eastern
600
Primary Language Hindi (1,870,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhojpuri 937,000
  Maithili 111,000
  Awadhi 105,000
  Bengali 60,000
  Kanauji 40,000
  Magahi 25,000
  Bagheli 8,100
  Chhattisgarhi 3,100
  Bundeli 2,300
  Angika 2,100
  Garhwali 1,600
  Odia 1,400
  Assamese 1,100
  Malvi 1,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 600
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1835-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Love letter to you from scripture
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Veeru143mahi - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Karen Hightower  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more