Shaikh in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 21 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Siddiqi 7,425,000
Faruqi 673,000
Usmani 401,000
Abbasi 185,000
Bani Israil 40,000
Milki 30,000
Kidwai 20,000
Bahlim 17,000
Ulwi 9,300
Khurasani 8,500

Introduction / History

The term Shaikh is used for a sociocultural group that originated with Arab settlers in South Asia which now includes many subgroups. Islam arrived in the area now known as Pakistan in 711 AD when a Muslim Arab army conquered the northwestern part of the Indus Valley from Jammu and Kashmir to the Arabian Sea. Technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians, and Sufis flocked from the rest of the Arab and Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in South Asia and settled permanently. The descendants of these Arabs usually go by the title of Shaikh and are also known in Pakistan as Muslim Khatri. They are a sub-group of the Zamindar group traditionally associated with farming, which is one of the two groups making up the Punjabis. Shaikh is also a term that is usually attributed to the leaders or elders of Arabian social groups. After the advent of Islam in South Asia, some high caste (Brahmins, Muslim Rajputs and Khatris) converted to Islam in the Punjab region and adopted the Shaikh title. They are known as Punjabi Shaikh. The majority of the Punjabi Shaikhs are urbanized and detached from their traditional agricultural ancestry. However, a few families still cultivate their own land in the western districts of Punjab. The main professions of the urban Punjabi Shaikhs are business and public service. They are often stereotyped for their reputation for business acumen. The main language of the Shaikh is Urdu. They also speak the local languages of the areas where they live.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The large south Asian caste of Shaikhs is not bound by one particular profession. The Shaikh can be broadly grouped into five communities. The majority of the Punjabi Shaikhs are urbanized and detached from their traditional agricultural ancestry. However, a few families still cultivate their own land in the western districts of Punjab. The main professions of the urban Punjabi Shaikhs are business and public service. They are often stereotyped for their business acumen. Common surnames are Mondal, Siddiqui, Usmani, Faroqui and Sheikh. The Shaikhs marry within their group. Families arrange marriages. Marriage to one spouse is the norm but a man may marry more wives if he can afford them. Sons inherit property. As Muslims, they will not eat pork.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Shaikhs profess Islam and have both Sunni and Shia traditions among them. Both groups try to obey the teachings of the Koran and the prophet Mohammad. They believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. However, Allah, the supreme God of the universe, determines who enters paradise. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime. Muslims are also prohibited to drink alcohol, eat pork, gamble, steal, use deceit, slander, and make idols. The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.


What Are Their Needs?

There has been much ministry activity among the Shaikh in India. Unfortunately, these efforts have brought few Shaikh into God’s kingdom. Shaikhs who live in rural villages often lack access to modern medicine, electricity and clean water. Teams of believers can help meet these needs.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Shaikh in India.

* Ask the Lord to open the hearts of the Shaikhs so they will receive the good news. * Pray for a disciple making movement that will bless the Shaikhs this decade. * Pray for the Lord to send workers to the Shaikhs to tell them about Jesus or Isa.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

The Waiting World - The Bengali

Source:  The Waiting World      Download

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-10-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-10-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-10-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-05-28
People Name General Shaikh
People Name in Country Shaikh
Pronunciation SHAYK
Population this Country 85,376,000
Population all Countries 235,151,000
Total Countries 9
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1708
Alternate Names Faraji; Jhiwar; Shaik; Sheikh; Shekhzade; शैख़
People ID 18084
ROP3 Code 113585
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Muslim - Shaikh
People Group Shaikh
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 21 (only 15 largest shown)
  Siddiqi 7,425,000
  Faruqi 673,000
  Usmani 401,000
  Abbasi 185,000
  Bani Israil 40,000
  Milki 30,000
  Kidwai 20,000
  Bahlim 17,000
  Ulwi 9,300
  Khurasani 8,500
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 36
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
West Bengal
21,212,000
Bihar
11,516,000
Uttar Pradesh
10,938,000
Assam
7,674,000
Maharashtra
7,380,000
Karnataka
4,721,000
Jharkhand
3,228,000
Rajasthan
3,198,000
Andhra Pradesh
2,844,000
Telangana
2,741,000
Madhya Pradesh
2,222,000
Gujarat
2,058,000
Delhi
1,275,000
Haryana
1,019,000
Tamil Nadu
912,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 36  (only 20 largest shown)
  West Bengal 21,212,000
  Bihar 11,516,000
  Uttar Pradesh 10,938,000
  Assam 7,674,000
  Maharashtra 7,380,000
  Karnataka 4,721,000
  Jharkhand 3,228,000
  Rajasthan 3,198,000
  Andhra Pradesh 2,844,000
  Telangana 2,741,000
  Madhya Pradesh 2,222,000
  Gujarat 2,058,000
  Delhi 1,275,000
  Haryana 1,019,000
  Tamil Nadu 912,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (50,056,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 65
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
23,111,000
Assamese
2,094,000
Gujarati
1,520,000
Marathi
1,364,000
Bhojpuri
1,103,000
Telugu
1,034,000
Marwari
801,000
Kannada
787,000
Maithili
705,000
Punjabi, Eastern
581,000
Tamil
473,000
Dhundari
417,000
Magahi
187,000
Shekhawati
186,000
Merwari
177,000
Primary Language Urdu (50,056,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 65
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 23,111,000
  Assamese 2,094,000
  Gujarati 1,520,000
  Marathi 1,364,000
  Bhojpuri 1,103,000
  Telugu 1,034,000
  Marwari 801,000
  Kannada 787,000
  Maithili 705,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 581,000
  Tamil 473,000
  Dhundari 417,000
  Magahi 187,000
  Shekhawati 186,000
  Merwari 177,000
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2007)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 6 - The Lord's Prayer
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Irfan Shaikh  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Video Source The Waiting World
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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