Kumhar (Sikh traditions) in India

The Kumhar (Sikh traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The word Kumhar means maker of pots. They are called by the name Kumar as well. Though most are Hindu or Muslim, there are Sikhs among them, scattered throughout northern India, especially in Punjab. They speak Punjabi and read and write in Gurmukhi and Devanagari.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kumhars make earthen pots as their main work. Some of their products are made out of ceramic clay or glass. They sell their goods to their neighbors. Some are in other work such as cultivation. They people practice adult marriages. They do not allow for divorce. Sons inherit the property when the father dies with the oldest son taking charge of the home.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Sikhism originated from a 15th century teacher named Guru Nanak Dev as a reform movement. He rejected the Hindu caste system, taught that all people were equal and that all have equal access to God. The Sikh God is formless, without gender and is to be found in everyone. One gets closer to God by living a good life and by practicing charity. Like Hindus, Sikhs believe in reincarnation and the law of karma; you reap what you sowed in your previous life. Like Muslims, the Sikhs worship only one God. One may recognize a Sikh man by his distinctive turban. All the 10 great Sikh gurus wore turbans as a sign of their submission to God. Sikh teaching mandates that a person not cut his or her hair. They worship their holy book, the Granth Sahib, which is a collection of hymns.


What Are Their Needs?

Sikh Kumhars can use new markets for their products. This would allow them to earn enough money to provide the next generation with higher education and a better life.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Kumhar (Sikh traditions) in India.

* Pray that Indian followers of Christ to will introduce the Sikh Kumhars to Jesus Christ. * Pray for a powerful disciple making movement among the Sikh Kumhars this decade. * Pray that many Sikh Kumhar people will have a passionate love for Jesus Christ leading them to tell the story of His glory to others.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Kumhar (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Kumhar (Sikh traditions)
Pronunciation koom-HAR
Population this Country 297,000
Population all Countries 297,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
Alternate Names Ahitant; Aiton; Ghatakarpur; Ghumiar; Ghurmar; Handa Kummar; Kalam Chettiar; Kir; Kulala; Kulalar; Kumar; Kumbaran; Kumbarar; Kumbhakar; Kumbhar; Kummara; Kummaravallu; Kumore; Kumrao; Kusavan; Kusavar; Kusawan; Kuyavar; Langotra; Lehri; Maru; Moolya; Narhia; Paul; Prajapat; Prajapati; Rudrabans; Rudrapal; Salivahana; Sohal; Takopatil; Wadiyar; कुम्हार (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18126
ROP3 Code 113632
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Punjab
245,000
Haryana
16,000
Rajasthan
8,600
Delhi
8,300
Uttar Pradesh
7,100
Uttarakhand
3,100
Maharashtra
2,900
Jammu and Kashmir
1,400
Chandigarh
800
Himachal Pradesh
600
Chhattisgarh
600
Jharkhand
600
West Bengal
500
Gujarat
500
Bihar
200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Punjab 245,000
  Haryana 16,000
  Rajasthan 8,600
  Delhi 8,300
  Uttar Pradesh 7,100
  Uttarakhand 3,100
  Maharashtra 2,900
  Jammu and Kashmir 1,400
  Chandigarh 800
  Himachal Pradesh 600
  Chhattisgarh 600
  Jharkhand 600
  West Bengal 500
  Gujarat 500
  Bihar 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (254,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
Hindi
36,000
Bagri
5,300
Haryanvi
1,100
Marwari
400
Kumaoni
200
Kangri
100
Shekhawati
90
Garhwali
80
Dogri
20
Bilaspuri
20
Mandeali
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (254,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 36,000
  Bagri 5,300
  Haryanvi 1,100
  Marwari 400
  Kumaoni 200
  Kangri 100
  Shekhawati 90
  Garhwali 80
  Dogri 20
  Bilaspuri 20
  Mandeali 10
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2017)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Satsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Who Can Help You?
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter Online New Testament (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
100.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2021  Aqib Yasin / Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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