Hajam in Sri Lanka


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Sri Lanka census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Hajams or Hajjams are also known as the Nai Muslims or Turuk Navid. There is a long-standing tradition of the Hajam being hair-cutters, barbers and manicurists.


Where Are they Located?

The Hajams are found in nearly every part of India and most of Pakistan. In Nepal they can be found in almost any part of the Terai region. A small number live in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Hajam remains a respected caste of hair-cutters (hajamat). In some areas the Hajams are the owners of barber shops and salons. In the Muslim community they can often be an active part of the community as hair-trimming for major family events like weddings and funerals can involve them. Even minor ritual surgeries like circumcision can be conducted by some Hajam. In some communities they can also be match-makers, and some women assist with childbirth. Though they are Sunni Muslims, married women will often be distinguished by a nose-stud and the “bindi” dot on the forehead. They are not vegetarian and will eat beef with their rice, wheat or maize.

Hajam comedians known as shongs appear when a child is born, just before a circumcision, and at weddings. Wearing colorful costumes, singing and dancing, they often act drunk and ask for money during their comedy acts. They are a popular part of the Hajam people group’s culture. While the antics of the shongs are entertaining, they also perform the more serious task of teaching Islamic beliefs through rituals and ceremonies, according to a March 3, 2007 article in Star Insight. In what might be compared to America’s Halloween, the Hajams have found a way to celebrate, laugh, and, in the case of the jesters themselves, make money within the strict confines of Islam.


What Are Their Beliefs?

This is a Muslim people group. Like other Muslims in South Asia, their form of Islam is affected by the ancient Hindu practices that they see around them. They might pray five times a day, fast during Ramadan each year, and even go on the pilgrimage to Mecca, but on a daily basis they often depend on various spirit beings.


What Are Their Needs?

There is little to no ministry among the Hajams although they are a fairly large Muslim group in Sri Lanka. Even though their community can be slow to adopt new medicine and technology this group remains a strategic people to reach with the gospel as they have far-reaching connection into the Muslim community socially.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Hajam in Sri Lanka.

* Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Hajam people teachable and understanding hearts.
* Pray that a strong movement of the Holy Spirit will bring entire Hajam families into a rich experience of God’s blessing.
* Pray for Hajam families to be drawn by the Holy Spirit to seek forgiveness, and to understand the adequacy of Christ’s work on the cross.
* Pray for teams of believers to do sustained, focused prayer for the Lord to open the hearts of Hajam family leaders to experience God’s blessing through a movement of family-based discovery Bible studies.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/19655/in
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/hajjamhttp://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/hajam-people3/http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/hajam-people-of-gujarat-india/


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Hajam
People Name in Country Hajam
World Population 4,544,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Amrewal; Awadhi; Awadhia; Awari; Bahti; Banbiro; Banvaru; Bhandari; Chabang; Chirath; Dhanwal; Didhia; Ghaijo; Hajjam; Hazam; Jadowal; Jallan; Jarrah; Juvwa; Kaila; Kaith; Kalseru Navaliga; Kanaujia; Karagar; Kelasi; Kelasi Mhali; Khabas; Khalasi; Khalifa; Khalipha; Khurakar; Kshaurak; Mangala; Matkos; Matwal; Mundu; Musalman; Muslim Nai; Nabhik; Nadig; Nai; Nai Muslim; Naia; Napit; Narasundar; Nava; Navaliga; Navid; Nawid; Nayeebrahman; Nayinda; Nhavi; Niaria; Ossan; Ossatha; Osta; Panwari; Paramanik; Punwari; Raja; Rajaji; Sanmukh; Shil; Ustadji; Valand; Valand Nadig; Varik; Vavdichaksi; Wadhi; Wadhio; हजम
People ID 19655
ROP3 Code 112187
Country Sri Lanka
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 30  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 9
Largest States
Western
1,200
Central
1,100
Eastern
1,100
North Western
600
North Central
400
Sabaragamuwa
300
Southern
100
Northern
100
Uva
100
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Sri Lanka
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 30  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 9
  Western 1,200
  Central 1,100
  Eastern 1,100
  North Western 600
  North Central 400
  Sabaragamuwa 300
  Southern 100
  Northern 100
  Uva 100
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (4,800 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Tamil (4,800 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Virtual Storehouse
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General Comprehensive list of Tamil Resources
General God's Simple Plan
General Gospel website in this language
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest Sri Lanka census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Steve Evans  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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