Balkan Romani in Algeria


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Romani call themselves Roma, which in their language means "men." They derive Rom from the word Dom, meaning "a man of low caste who gains his livelihood by singing and dancing." The Romani language, therefore, comes from the name the Romani call themselves.


Romani have their roots in India. They began spreading westward in the tenth century. By the fourteenth century, there were large Romani groups established in the Balkan Mountains of Bulgaria. Some continued to live as nomads; others settled in permanent dwellings. Regardless of where they lived, though, to non-Romani, they remained mysterious and distinct. Curiosity about them eventually led to hatred and discrimination. In the twentieth century, the Nazis killed thousands of Romani. Today, they are still discriminated against. Many times, the population counts of Romani are inaccurate because of their nomadic lifestyle. Others do not possess identity cards because they fear discrimination or persecution.


The Balkan dialect of Romani borrows from both Greek and Turkish. For this reason, we call it a hybrid language.


The Balkan Romani are located mainly in parts of southeastern Europe, including North Macedonia, Serbia, and Bulgaria, but they also live in many other countries. A small number are in Algeria, for example.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In the past, Balkan Romani were not allowed to own land, so they began developing unique occupations, which they still do today. These included fortune-telling, horse trading, market vending, entertaining, acrobatics, and metal and woodworking. They are especially known for their musical and dancing abilities. Many sing and play instruments at weddings, baptisms and festivals.


Unfortunately, they are also known as beggars and thieves. This reputation has caused much distrust and discrimination. In many countries, they are last in line for jobs. Some of the women work as domestic helpers, but they get paid meager wages. Many have insufficient housing and unsatisfactory medical attention.


The Balkan Romani are noted for being flamboyant. This makes them interesting, mystical, and sometimes misunderstood. In many situations, Balkan Romani people try to blend and keep their ethnic identity unknown.


Parents often arrange marriages. Young couples usually marry while in their mid to late teens. Often, they prefer to elope rather than to have a wedding ceremony. They expect girls to be sexually pure before marriage. Once married, she joins her husband’s family and gains status and respect by having children.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Balkan Romani have maintained their religious traditions and beliefs. They believe that ghosts, lizards, and snakes can harm humans. They believe that men have the power to curse others by giving them the "evil eye." They blend these beliefs with Sunni Islam, the dominant religion in Algeria.


What Are Their Needs?

No matter where they live, the Balkan Romani have one thing in common: the need for Jesus. There is a great need for intercessors and workers to make sure the Balkan Romani meet the Savior.


Prayer Points

Pray for the Domari culture to be renewed and enhanced by a work of the Holy Spirit and shaped into a God-centered and God-honoring mold.


Pray for the Holy Spirit to move among Domari family and community leaders in Algeria to seek his face and enjoy his blessings.


Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers who will be compelled to nurture a movement to Christ among the Domari people in Algeria.


Pray that their dire conditions will soon lead the Domari to seek the One True God who yearns to give them the peace and joy of the Lord.


Scripture Prayers for the Romani, Balkan in Algeria.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-12-24
People Name General Romani, Balkan
People Name in Country Romani, Balkan
Natural Name Balkan Romani
Pronunciation BALL-kun ROH-muh-nee
Population this Country 4,600
Population all Countries 1,164,000
Total Countries 17
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Arliski; Arliski Balkan Gypsy; Baltic Gypsy; Dzambazi; Jerides; Kochi; Koochi; Kuchi; Roma; Zargari
People ID 14570
ROP3 Code 108397
Country Algeria
Region Africa, North and Middle East
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 22  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Algeria
Region Africa, North and Middle East
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 22  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Arabic, Algerian Spoken (4,600 speakers)
Language Code arq   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Arabic, Algerian Spoken (4,600 speakers)
Language Code arq   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Arabic, Algerian Spoken

Primary Language:  Arabic, Algerian Spoken

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1872-1964)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1965-2018)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Arabic Bible Online
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Algerian Contextual Gathering
Film / Video In the Light
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Arabic, Algerian Spoken
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
General Gospel resources links
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Arabic, Algerian Spoken
Text / Printed Matter Tools for faith conversations
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Sunni
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.09 %)
0.09 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.91 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more