Country:

India

State: Tamil Nadu
District: Salem

Number of People Groups

311

Unreached People Groups

281

Total Population

4,156,000

Buddhist

0.0 %

Christian

1.5 %

Hindu

95.5 %

Muslim

2.8 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

0.2 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Adi Andhra Christian 30 Telugu - - - 30 - -
 Adi Dravida 342,000 Tamil 341,000 - 100 300 20 -
Adi Dravida Christian 2,000 Tamil - - - 2,000 - -
 Adi Karnataka 40 Kannada 40 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 31,000 Tamil 31,000 - - - - -
 Agamudaiyan unspecified 34,000 Tamil 34,000 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) Unknown Kannada - - - - - -
 Alambadi Kurichchan 30 Kurichiya 30 - - - - -
 Ambalavasi 1,900 Malayalam 1,900 - - - - -
Ambalavasi Kambalattu 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Ambalavasi Tottiyan Naicker 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
 Ambattan (Hindu traditions) 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Ambattan Christian 20 Tamil - - - 20 - -
Anglo Indian 300 English - - - 300 - -
 Ansari 1,400 Urdu - 1,400 - - - -
Anuppan 20 Kannada 20 - - - - -
 Arasu Unknown Kannada - - - - - -
Arayan 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Arunthathiyar 203,000 Tamil 203,000 - - - 20 -
 Badaga 400 Badaga 400 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Bakad Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
Balagai 2,100 Kannada 2,100 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 58,000 Kannada 58,000 - - - - -
Balija Bogam 1,200 Telugu 1,200 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 6,600 Telugu 6,600 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 3,500 Kannada 3,500 - - - - -
 Bania Agarwal 500 Hindi 400 - - - - 60
 Bania Agrahari 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Bania Chetti 14,000 Tamil 13,000 - - - - 400
Bania Irupathi Nalu Manai Chetti 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 900 Telugu 900 - - - - 50
 Bania Mahesri 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania Oswal 100 Hindi 50 - - - - 80
 Bania Srimali 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
 Bania unspecified 19,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - 700
 Banijiga 2,000 Kannada 2,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 4,800 Lambadi 4,800 - - - - -
 Banjara Rathod (Hindu traditions) 200 Lambadi 200 - - - - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Basor 6,200 Hindi 6,200 - - - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Kannada 1,700 - - - - -
Beldar Kannada Balija Naicker 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
Bhansala 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
 Bohra 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
 Boya 174,000 Telugu 174,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Brahmin Iyer 6,600 Tamil 6,600 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 4,900 Kannada 4,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin Kosala Nadu 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
Brahmin Marathi Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
Brahmin Sholiar 2,600 Tamil 2,600 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 18,000 Tamil 18,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telaganya 2,200 Telugu 2,200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Brahmin unspecified 67,000 Hindi 67,000 - - - - 200
 Brahmin Velanadu 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
 Budega Jangam 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Byagara Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 600 Konkani - 600 - - - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 700 Tamil - - - 700 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 3,100 Tamil 3,100 - - - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
Chandala 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Chenchu Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Chenna Dasar Unknown Kannada - - - - - -
 Christian 800 Hindi - - - 800 - -
 Dakkal Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - -
 Devanga 9,100 Kannada 9,000 - - 80 - -
 Devendrakulathan 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 100 Gujarati 100 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 69,000 Hindi 69,000 - - - - -
Divehi Unknown Maldivian - - - - - -
Dom (Dombara) 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
 Domar (Hindu traditions) 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Gamit 200 Gamit 200 - - - - -
 Gandla 70 Telugu 70 - - - - -
 Gangakula 6,100 Kannada 6,100 - - - - -
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Gosain unspecified 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Gudigar 200 Konkani 200 - - - - -
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Hajam 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Hakki Pikki 400 Vaagri Booli 400 - - - - -
Halsar Unknown Kannada - - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 1,900 Kannada 1,900 - - - - -
 Hasalaru 20 Tulu 20 - - - - -
Hasla 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
 Holar 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
Holaya Dasar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Ilavan 164,000 Malayalam 164,000 - - 30 - -
Ilavan Christian 4,100 Tamil - - - 4,100 - -
 Irular 1,000 Irula 1,000 - - - - -
Jaggali 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 40 Hindi 40 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Jenu Kuruba 3,100 Kurumba, Jennu 3,100 - - - - -
 Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 30 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 30 -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 9,000 Bengali 9,000 - - - - -
 Kabirpanthi 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Kachari (Hindu traditions) 80 Marathi 80 - - - - -
 Kadan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
Kadu Kuruba 6,300 Kannada 6,300 - - - - -
 Kaibartta unspecified Unknown Bengali - - - - - -
 Kaikadi 4,100 Kannada 4,100 - - - - -
 Kaikolan 243,000 Tamil 243,000 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
 Kalal Idiga 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - - - -
Kallan unspecified 4,600 Tamil 4,600 - - - - -
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 30 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 30 -
Kanakkan 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Kapu Reddi 2,100 Telugu 2,100 - - - - -
 Kapu unspecified 25,000 Telugu 25,000 - - - - -
Karimpalan Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) Unknown Kashmiri - - - - - -
 Kattunayakan 50 Tamil 50 - - - - -
Kepmaris 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 30 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 30 -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 3,700 Hindi 3,700 - - - - -
 Koli Mahadev Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
 Koli of Gujarat 3,600 Gujarati 3,600 - - - - -
 Konda Kapu Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 4,200 Telugu 4,200 - - - - -
 Koracha, caste 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Korama unspecified 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Kori 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Koshti 11,000 Marathi 11,000 - - - - -
Kotegar 20 Kannada 20 - - - - -
Kuda Korava 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Kudiya Unknown Kudiya - - - - - -
 Kudumban 30 Tamil 30 - - - - -
 Kudumi 6,300 Tamil 6,300 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 5,200 Gujarati 5,200 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 2,100 Kannada 2,100 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 70 Tamil - - - 70 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 8,400 Malayalam 8,400 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
 Kuruba 175,000 Kannada 175,000 - - - - -
 Kuruman 2,400 Kurumba, Betta 2,400 - - - - -
 Lingayat 5,500 Kannada - - - - - 5,500
 Lohana 90 Gujarati 90 - - - - -
Madari (Hindu traditions) 30 Tamil 30 - - - - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 200 Telugu - - - 200 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Mahar (Buddhist traditions) 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
 Mahar (Christian traditions) 20 Marathi - - - 20 - -
 Mahratta Kunbi 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Mahratta unspecified 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - - - - -
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 20 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 20 -
 Mahyavanshi 900 Gujarati 900 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 400 Telugu - - - 400 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
 Mala Jangam 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 1,400 Malayalam - - - 1,400 - -
Malai Arayan Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
Malai Pandaram 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
Malakkuravan 1,500 Tamil 1,500 - - - - -
Malasar Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
 Malayali 128,000 Tamil 128,000 100 - 100 - 50
Malayarayar 20 Malayalam - - - - - -
Malayekandi 60 Malayalam 60 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
 Mangala 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
Mannan, tribal 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Mappila 2,000 Malayalam - 2,000 - - - -
 Maravan 109,000 Tamil 106,000 - - 3,300 - -
 Masan Jogi 30 Kannada 30 - - - - -
Masthi 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
 Memon 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 900 Bengali 900 - - - - -
 Moghal 2,300 Urdu - 2,300 - - - -
 Momna 80 Gujarati - 80 - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 50 Malayalam - - - 50 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Munnur 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 2,900 Tamil - - - 2,900 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - - - -
Nagartha 3,400 Kannada 3,400 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 38,000 Hindi 38,000 - - - - -
 Nair 4,200 Malayalam 4,200 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
 Navithan 18,000 Tamil 18,000 - - - - -
Pale 20 Kannada 20 - - - - -
 Paliya 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Paliyan 3,700 Tamil 3,700 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 8,200 Tamil - - - 8,200 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 30,000 Tamil 30,000 - - 200 - -
Palliyan 40 Tamil 40 - - - - -
Palliyar Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
Pambada Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Pandaram 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Pannadi Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
Panniandi 1,600 Tamil 1,600 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 24,000 Tamil - - - 24,000 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 79,000 Tamil 79,000 - 30 100 - -
 Paravan (Hindu traditions) Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
 Parsee 20 Gujarati - - - - - 20
 Pashtun Afridi 900 Urdu - 900 - - - -
 Pashtun Kakar 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Pashtun Lodhi (Dalazak) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Pashtun Mohmand 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Pashtun Yusafzai 900 Urdu - 900 - - - -
 Pashtun, Pathan 4,900 Urdu - 4,900 - - - -
 Patelia 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 70 Telugu 70 - - - - -
Pindara 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Pinjara 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Puthirai Vannan 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
 Qassab 20 Urdu - 20 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Rajpur 30 Konkani, Goan 30 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 10,000 Hindi 9,900 - - - - 60
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 30 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 30 -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Rajput Chandrabansi 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
 Rathawa 300 Rathawi 300 - - - - -
 Ravalia 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Razu 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Sali 9,800 Kannada 9,800 - - - - -
 Samban 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
 Satani 9,500 Telugu 9,500 - - - - -
 Sayyid 7,400 Urdu - 7,400 - - - -
Sayyid Husaini 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Shaikh Faruqi 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 2,500 Urdu - 2,500 - - - -
 Shaikh Siddiqi 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Shaikh unspecified 17,000 Urdu - 17,000 - - - -
Shaikh Usmani 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Sillekyatha 50 Kannada 50 - - - - -
Silpi 3,800 Telugu 3,800 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 60 Sinhala - - 60 - - -
 Soligar 100 Sholaga 100 - - - - -
 Somvanshi 4,000 Marathi 4,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 8,500 Hindi 8,500 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 2,000 Malayalam - - - 2,000 - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 30 Hindi 30 - - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 71,000 Tamil - 71,000 - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 8,300 Hindi 8,300 - - - - -
Thandan (Christian traditions) 50 Malayalam - - - 50 - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 100 Malayalam 100 - - - - -
 Tholuva Naicker 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
 Thoti, caste Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 20 Gujarati 20 - - - - -
Tiruvalluvar 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Toda 100 Toda 100 - - - - -
 Ulladan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Urali 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 41,000 Telugu 41,000 - - 80 - -
Vakkaliga Gangadikara 2,600 Kannada 2,600 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Kunchitiga 2,600 Kannada 2,600 - - - - -
 Vakkaliga unspecified 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - - - - -
 Valluvan 8,200 Tamil 8,200 - - - - -
 Valmiki (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
Vaniyan 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - 200 - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 3,300 Tamil - - - 3,300 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 40,000 Tamil 40,000 - - 30 - -
 Vanniyan 1,188,000 Tamil 1,180,000 - - 7,700 - -
Vanniyan Agnikula 57,000 Tamil 56,000 - - 400 - -
 Varli 200 Varli 200 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 100 Tamil - - - 100 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
Velakkithalanayan 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
Vellalan Isai 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
Vellalan Kongu 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Vellalan Nanchilnattu 2,600 Tamil 2,100 - - 500 - -
Vellalan Sozhia 400 Tamil 400 - - - - -
Vellalan Tondamandalam 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Vellalan unspecified 12,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
Vellalan Virakodi 400 Tamil 400 - - - - -
Vetan (Hindu traditions) 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Vettiyan Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
Vettuvan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Vettuvan Gounder 80 Tamil 80 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Asari 15,000 Malayalam 15,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Panchal 3,800 Kannada 3,800 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
 Viswakarma unspecified 101,000 Telugu 101,000 - - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 59,000 Hindi 59,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Ghosi 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 21,000 Telugu 21,000 - - - - -
 Yenadi 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Yerukula 50 Yerukula 50 - - - - -
  Totals:  311 4,156,000   281 3,968,000 115,000 200 64,000 500 7,100
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