Ambattan (Hindu traditions) in India

The Ambattan (Hindu traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Their name is derived from two ancient Sanscrit words for "to stand," and "near." Thus, their name means, "one who stands close by." Their traditional work involved being nearby; being physicians or barbers. According to legends they are the offspring of a Brahmin father and a Vaishya (business caste) mother. The Maruthuvar or Ambattan live in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Pondicherry in southern India. In Tamil Nadu the Maruthuvar speak, read and write in Tamil.


What Are Their Lives Like?

They work as barbers, day laborers or own their own businesses. In Pondicherry the Maruthuvar are musicians. Some of them are farmers. Family leaders arrange marriages. In Kerala widowers can marry again. They prefer monogamous marriages, that is, between one man and one woman. On the death of the father, sons inherit the property with the oldest son becoming the head of the household. A caste council looks after their interests.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Hinduism is their religion. Unlike most Hindus they either cremate or bury their dead. Spiritual beliefs of Hindus are very diverse from those who worship only one god to those who worship hundreds of them to those who are philosophical and do not worship any.


What Are Their Needs?

The Maruthuvar people need to hear and respond to the invitation from the only Savior to enjoy life to the full.


Prayer Points

Pray that the Maruthuvar caste council leaders come to Jesus Christ and open the door for a disciple making movement. Pray for spiritual openness and discernment. Pray for workers to go to them.


Scripture Prayers for the Ambattan (Hindu traditions) in India.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Ambattan (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Ambattan (Hindu traditions)
Population this Country 188,000
Population all Countries 188,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Ezhavathi; Izhavathi; Kshaurakan; Kshaurakaran; Kudimaghan; Maruttuvan; Nasivan; Nasuvan; Navidan; Panditan; Pannikkar; Pariyari; Pranopakari; Vathi (OMID Illavathi); Vilakkuttalayan; अंबट्टन
People ID 16208
ROP3 Code 111317
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Tamil Nadu
175,000
Kerala
6,400
Maharashtra
2,200
Puducherry
1,600
Karnataka
800
Andhra Pradesh
600
Delhi
300
Andaman and Nicobar
90
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Tamil Nadu 175,000
  Kerala 6,400
  Maharashtra 2,200
  Puducherry 1,600
  Karnataka 800
  Andhra Pradesh 600
  Delhi 300
  Andaman and Nicobar 90
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (174,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
5,300
Tulu
200
Primary Language Tamil (174,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 5,300
  Tulu 200
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2021)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.08 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.92 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more