The Kalal people have traditionally been involved in the production and distribution of liquor. Their name comes from the Sanskrit word for "liquor distillers." Since many Hindus look down on the use of alcohol, the Kalal began in the last century to adopt other professions like agriculture, the military, government service and law. The Kalal speak the languages of the regions where they live.
They live mainly in India's southern states, but some live in Nepal or Bangladesh.
The Kala are endogamous, that is, they marry within their community. Adult marriages and monogamy are the general practice. Families arrange most marriages in a ceremony with a Brahmin present. Most newly married couples live with or near the husband's family.
Though they are Hindus, the Kalals eat meat but not beef or pork. Their main staple is rice along with fruit, vegetables and dairy products. Alcoholism is a problem among the Kalal people.
The Kalal encourage their children to pursue higher education and become professionals.
The Kalal worship Vishnu, the preserver god, in his incarnations of Rama and Krishna. The Kalal cremate their dead and the ashes are placed in a sacred river like the Ganges.
A Kalal priest leads worship, practices traditional medicine and prays to protect his people from evil spirits. The Kalal celebrate the Hindu festivals like the birthday of Rama. Holi is the spring festival of colors. Kalal worship Durga, a form of Kali, during the nine holy days of Navratri.
The Kalal people need to put their hope and trust in the finished work of Jesus Christ, the only one who can give them dignity in this life, and salvation in the life to come.
* Scripture Prayers for the Kalal (Hindu traditions) in Nepal.
Pray for workers to go to the Kalal people in Nepal as well as those in India.
Pray for their hearts to be open and willing to accept the blessings of Jesus Christ.
Pray for the gospel to penetrate the hearts of Kalal family and community leaders, who can in turn open the door for their entire people group to follow the Lord.
Pray for Kalal disciples to make disciples who will make more disciples.
|Profile Source: Keith Carey|
|People Name General||Kalal (Hindu traditions)|
|People Name in Country||Kalal (Hindu traditions)|
|Population this Country||1,000|
|Population all Countries||2,553,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Ahlajia; Aluwala; Aluwari; Aray; Arya Katagaru; Asili; Chaukse; Chaulise; Dadsena; Ediga Balija; Gamalla; Gavara; Gouda; Hindu Kasai; Idiga; Indra; Iraqi; Iraque; Jaisawal; Kahar; Kalal; Kalan; Kalanaj; Kalans; Kalar; Kalate Kalans; Kali; Kalivar; Kalwar; Kasai; Katagaru; Katig; Khatik; Kolar; Kolawar; Kumarpaik; Ladar; Lader; Madvi; Malvi; Maratha Kasai; Naidu; Namdhari; Panda; Paneda; Raj Bhoi; Raki; Roy; Shindigar; Sundi; Thiyar; Tiyan; Vadugan; Walia; Yatollu; Yediga; Yelegar; Yellegar; कलाल (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||48 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Total States on file||6|
|Specialized Website||South Asia Peoples|
|Primary Language||Maithili (800 speakers)|
|Language Code||mai Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Maithili
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1986-2010)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament|
|Audio Recordings||Oral Bible stories|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio|
|Film / Video||God's Story video|
|Film / Video||Good News|
|Film / Video||Indigitube.tv Video / Animation|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Maithili|
|Film / Video||My Last Day video, anime|
|Film / Video||Story of Jesus for Children|
|General||Biblical answers to your questions|
|General||Gospel resources links|
|General||Gospel website in this language|
|Mobile App||Download audio Bible app as APK file|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Maithili|
|Text / Printed Matter||Children and youth resources|
|Text / Printed Matter||Jesus Messiah comic book|
|Text / Printed Matter||Literacy primer for Maithili|
|Text / Printed Matter||The Ancient Path|
|Text / Printed Matter||Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies|