Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Musahar are considered one of the lowest of the Dalit groups within India and suffer tremendously from their status in society. Their name is derived from two words meaning "rat catcher" and is likely attributed to them for their tendency to eat rodents in times of dire need. They are short in stature with a long narrow headshape and broad nasal features.

The Musahar are called “Maha-Dalits” meaning lower than Dalits which puts the Musahar at the very lowest stratum of Indian society. The Musahar are not caste-Hindus, but are from Animistic Hinduism or Popular Hinduism.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Numbering two million mostly in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh they have large families and live with several generations in the same household. A Musahar village is almost always filled with children. Though they will frequently speak Hindi, the local trade language, they will speak Angika or Awadhi at home.

Land ownership is rare and most will work as agricultural laborers, day laborers or forest and fishing. The women also work in agriculture or other unskilled labor such as stitching leaf-plates.

Education is not valued and literacy is extremely low with literacy rates running 2-6%. Often times they will drop out at the primary level due to social or economic factors. Modern development programs have had little impact on them as few if any of the sparsely allocated resources designated for them ever reach them in their need. Many times their wages are paid in crops and they trade in the market place through barter.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Traditionally they follow their tribal faith and will worship their family deity and the village deity, as well as the gods of the wider Hindu faith.

The Musahar are very receptive to the gospel and a move of Christ is beginning among them. A significant number of Musahar are following Christ and village house churches are being formed with Musahar leadership. The Musahar are in the process of being reached.


What Are Their Needs?

Due their extreme poverty they live far from towns and cities which have proper health care. Nor do they have the capacity to travel to avail themselves of these facilities. The result is a desperate health care situation. Child mortality and maternal mortality are high and the life span is short which is exacerbated by high rates of alcoholism among the male population.

Much of their condition is a result of their low position in the caste hierarchy. They are considered as having low status and treated with disdain by all other sections of society. Any attempts at economic advancement will be taken away from them or destroyed and they have little or no capacity to retain property rights. Their constitutional rights of education and food subsidies are routinely denied through corruption and caste based policies. They are powerless and voiceless, unable to change their situation alone. Sadly many Musahar women are kidnapped or sold into prostitution in the major metropolitan cities. Without recourse this becomes their new life, oppressed, abused and forced to suffer in silence.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal.


Profile Source:   GSCC, SD Ponraj  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Musahar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation MOO-sah-har
Population this Country 261,000
Population all Countries 3,925,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 5
Alternate Names Banmanus; Banraja; Bhuiya; Gaur; Gonr; Musahar Bhuiya; Mushar; Mushr; Palamau Bhuiya; मुसहर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स); Maha-Dalits
People ID 17711
ROP3 Code 113160
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 12
Largest States
Sagarmatha
92,000
Janakpur
66,000
Kosi
61,000
Narayani
31,000
Lumbini
6,900
Mechi
3,500
Bheri
1,000
Bagmati
400
Seti
300
Gandaki
100
Mahakali
100
Rapti
50
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 12
  Sagarmatha 92,000
  Janakpur 66,000
  Kosi 61,000
  Narayani 31,000
  Lumbini 6,900
  Mechi 3,500
  Bheri 1,000
  Bagmati 400
  Seti 300
  Gandaki 100
  Mahakali 100
  Rapti 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Maithili (200,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
26,000
Nepali
3,400
Angika
2,900
Magahi
1,500
Hindi
700
Awadhi
600
Rangpuri
200
Bengali
100
Kumaoni
60
Primary Language Maithili (200,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 26,000
  Nepali 3,400
  Angika 2,900
  Magahi 1,500
  Hindi 700
  Awadhi 600
  Rangpuri 200
  Bengali 100
  Kumaoni 60
People Groups Speaking Maithili

Primary Language:  Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1986-2010)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Good News
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Gospel resources links
General Gospel website in this language
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Maithili
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Maithili
Text / Printed Matter The Ancient Path
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.58 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.76 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.16 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2022  Kerry Olson  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source GSCC, SD Ponraj  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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