Musahar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 15 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Maghaiya 104,000
Bhatawar 102,000
Chanrwar 101,000
Chiksauria 101,000
Dhor 101,000
Kanaujia 101,000
Nathur 101,000
Surajia 101,000
Kharwar 99,000
Banmanush 8,600

Introduction / History

The Musahar are considered one of the lowest of the Dalit groups within India and suffer tremendously from their status in society. Their name is derived from two words meaning "rat catcher" and is likely attributed to them for their tendency to eat rodents in times of dire need. They are short in stature with a long narrow headshape and broad nasal features.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Numbering two million mostly in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh they have large families and live with several generations in the same household. A Musahar village is almost always filled with children. Though they will frequently speak Hindi, the local trade language, they will speak Angika or Awadhi at home.

Land ownership is rare and most will work as agricultural laborers, day laborers or forest and fishing. The women also work in agriculture or other unskilled labor such as stitching leaf-plates.

Education is not valued and literacy is extremely low with literacy rates running 2-6%. Often times they will drop out at the primary level due to social or economic factors. Modern development programs have had little impact on them as few if any of the sparsely allocated resources designated for them ever reach them in their need. Many times their wages are paid in crops and they trade in the market place through barter.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Traditionally they follow their tribal faith and will worship their family deity and the village deity, as well as the gods of the wider Hindu faith.


What Are Their Needs?

Due their extreme poverty they live far from towns and cities which have proper health care. Nor do they have the capacity to travel to avail themselves of these facilities. The result is a desperate health care situation. Child mortality and maternal mortality are high and the life span is short which is exacerbated by high rates of alcoholism among the male population.

Much of their condition is a result of their low position in the caste hierarchy. They are considered untouchables and treated with disdain by all other sections of society. Any attempts at economic advancement will be taken away from them or destroyed and they have little or no capacity to retain property rights. Their constitutional rights of education and food subsidies are routinely denied through corruption and caste based policies. They are powerless and voiceless, unable to change their situation alone. Sadly many Musahar women are kidnapped or sold into prostitution in the major metropolitan cities. Without recourse this becomes their new life, oppressed, abused and forced to suffer in silence.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Musahar (Hindu traditions) in India.


Profile Source:   GSCC  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-15
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-08-31
People Name General Musahar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation MOO-sah-har
World Population 3,248,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 60
Alternate Names Banmanus; Banraja; Bhuiya; Gaur; Gonr; Musahar Bhuiya; Mushar; Mushr; Palamau Bhuiya; मुसहर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17711
ROP3 Code 113160
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Dalit - other
People Group Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 15
  Maghaiya 104,000
  Bhatawar 102,000
  Chanrwar 101,000
  Chiksauria 101,000
  Dhor 101,000
  Kanaujia 101,000
  Nathur 101,000
  Surajia 101,000
  Kharwar 99,000
  Banmanush 8,600
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 12
Largest States
Bihar
2,614,000
Uttar Pradesh
259,000
Assam
65,000
Jharkhand
53,000
West Bengal
21,000
Uttarakhand
700
Andaman and Nicobar
700
Manipur
600
Tripura
300
Arunachal Pradesh
80
Chandigarh
60
Odisha
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 12
  Bihar 2,614,000
  Uttar Pradesh 259,000
  Assam 65,000
  Jharkhand 53,000
  West Bengal 21,000
  Uttarakhand 700
  Andaman and Nicobar 700
  Manipur 600
  Tripura 300
  Arunachal Pradesh 80
  Chandigarh 60
  Odisha 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (1,608,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Maithili
665,000
Bhojpuri
422,000
Magahi
230,000
Angika
102,000
Bengali
48,000
Assamese
39,000
Sadri
6,300
Surjapuri
4,000
Bagheli
2,000
Awadhi
700
Kumaoni
300
Bundeli
200
Kanauji
100
Garhwali
100
Sadri, Oraon
30
Primary Language Hindi (1,608,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Maithili 665,000
  Bhojpuri 422,000
  Magahi 230,000
  Angika 102,000
  Bengali 48,000
  Assamese 39,000
  Sadri 6,300
  Surjapuri 4,000
  Bagheli 2,000
  Awadhi 700
  Kumaoni 300
  Bundeli 200
  Kanauji 100
  Garhwali 100
  Sadri, Oraon 30
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1835-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Virtual Storehouse
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.08 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.06 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.84 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2020  Kerry Olson  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source GSCC  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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