Parenga in India

The Parenga have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Parengas are a tribal people, also known in India as a Scheduled Tribe. Scheduled Tribe status means that they are low in status. Their name comes from a word meaning "subjects." In the distant past they wore tree bark for clothes. Today there is nothing in their jewelry or clothes that sets them apart from other communities.


Where Are they Located?

The Hindu Parenga people live in Odisha, a state in eastern India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

This Scheduled Tribe works as farmers. They usually own their own land, but they do not use modern farming techniques as a rule. Most of the time their fields are watered by rain, not by irrigation, and most of them only use manure rather than chemical fertilizers. They supplement their incomes by working for others. Parenga children begin working at age nine or ten, and they seldom get much education, especially the girls. They have their own folk dances and music.

The Parenga people have many clans, and each member is considered a sibling of the others, so they do not marry within their clans. There are five ways marriages are decided: By elopement, by capture, by parental negotiations, by exchange, and by service where one family does work for the other in exchange for the marriage. After the wedding, the wife is involved with all aspects of family life, and she is key to contributing to the family income. The Parenga have both nuclear and extended families, determined by the preference of a particular family.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Parenga people are officially Hindu, but like most tribal people, they have their own set of gods. Hundi or Nisani are their village gods. They also worship a number of Hindu gods.


What Are Their Needs?

This people group needs to find new ways to make a living since their land will only hold up for so long before it becomes less fertile.


Prayer Points

Pray that the sheer wonder of knowing Jesus and the impact He has on their lives and the joy He brings spur believers to share Christ with the Parenga people.
Pray the hearts of the Parenga people would be stirred by a sovereign work of the Holy Spirit readying them for the time when they hear the gospel message being shared with them.
Pray they will experience dreams and visions of Jesus leading them into a saving relationship with Him.
Pray for an unstoppable disciple-making movement among the Parenga people.


Scripture Prayers for the Parenga in India.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/21216/IN
Peoples of India: Odisha, vol XVI, part 2, pp. 1183-87, K.S. Singh


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Parenga
People Name in Country Parenga
Alternate Names Pareng Paroja; Parenga Paroja; Parengi; Paroja; परेंगा
Population this Country 13,000
Population all Countries 13,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 17849
ROP3 Code 113323
ROP25 Code 306565
ROP25 Name Parenga
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Odisha 13,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.12 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.64 %
Islam
0.02 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.20 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Odia (6,100 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Parenga
1,700
Bhatri
1,500
Pengo
1,400
Duruwa
500
Desiya
200
Hindi
200
Sora
30
Santhali
20
Telugu
20
Bengali
10
Munda Ho
Mal Paharia Punjabi, Eastern
Primary Language Odia (6,100 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Parenga 1,700
  Bhatri 1,500
  Pengo 1,400
  Duruwa 500
  Desiya 200
  Hindi 200
  Sora 30
  Santhali 20
  Telugu 20
  Bengali 10
  Munda 10
  Ho 0
  Mal Paharia 0
  Punjabi, Eastern 0
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2021)
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
YouVersion NT (www.bible.com) Online
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Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
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Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
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General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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