She in China

The She have only been reported in China
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The She are one of the 55 official minorities of China. The vast majority of She have been assimilated to the Han Chinese or Hakka culture and language.

Fewer than 1,000 She are still able to speak their language, primarily those living in Buluo, Zengcheng, Huidong, and Haifeng counties in Guangdong Province. The rest mostly speak Hakka as their first language. The She are reported in some sources to speak two distinct languages, which have between six and eight tones. She is described as an intermediary language between Miao and Yao. In addition to Hakka, many She speak Cantonese, Min, or Mandarin Chinese, depending on the locality.

The She were known as the Hsiamin in historical records. The linguistic affiliation of the She suggests they were once part of the ancient Yue people, from which today's Yao and Miao peoples are also descended. Much of the She's past has been one of harassment and struggle against the exploitation of greedy Chinese landlords. The She have been pushed from the fertile land into the mountains.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Music is important to the She: "They sing in the fields, as well as on special festival occasions." When a guest comes to their village they are asked to sing songs. Most She spend their days tending to rice fields on their hilly land which also yields cotton, tea and grain. When visiting a She home, visitors must place their umbrella outside the door: placing the umbrella inside is a way of announcing a death.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The main religious adherence among the She is Daoism, mixed with ancestor worship. The She share the Yao belief in Pan Hu, the dog-king they believe was the forefather of their people. She folk songs, handed down orally from one generation to another, tell of the life of Pan Hu, who had a dragon's head, a dog's body, and was seven meters (22 ft.) in length. The She formerly worshiped the totem of this legendary animal and held a large festival in its honor every three years. Today every She clan has a scepter on which is sculpted a dragon's head—a symbol of their former worship of the totem.

Although Roman Catholic missionaries were active among the She in the late 1800s, one recent report indicates little or no fruit of their labor remains. Although there are scattered Christian communities among the Chinese who live near them, the gospel has never taken root among the She. They are an unreached people group, living their lives with little knowledge of the claims of God or his offer of salvation through Christ's sacrifice. Most She could be effectively evangelized through the medium of the Hakka language.


What Are Their Needs?

The She people need to accept the warm embrace of the only savior so they can enjoy spiritually meaningful lives.


Prayer Points

Pray for the authority of Christ to bind hindering spiritual forces to lead them from darkness to light.

Pray for signs and wonders to happen among them and for great breakthroughs with a rapid multiplication of disciples and house churches.

Pray for bold workers who are driven by the love of the Holy Spirit to go to them.

Pray for an unstoppable movement to Christ among them.


Scripture Prayers for the She in China.


References

Operation China, Asia Harvest, Copyrighted © Used with permission


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General She
People Name in Country She
Pronunciation shuh
Population this Country 671,000
Population all Countries 671,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 13
Alternate Names Ho Nte; Huo Nte; Shanha
People ID 14901
ROP3 Code 108927
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The 1990 China census listed 630,378 members of the She nationality. The majority (461,000) live in the mountainous areas of Fujian Province. She communities are located throughout more than 120 counties and townships in eastern China, including Guangdong and Zhejiang provinces, while "a few tiny communities" are also found in Jiangxi and Anhui provinces.   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The 1990 China census listed 630,378 members of the She nationality. The majority (461,000) live in the mountainous areas of Fujian Province. She communities are located throughout more than 120 counties and townships in eastern China, including Guangdong and Zhejiang provinces, while "a few tiny communities" are also found in Jiangxi and Anhui provinces..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Map of She in China Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Chinese, Min Nan
Language Code nan   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Hokkien
Dialect Code 6466   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Chinese, Mandarin Chinese, Hakka She
Primary Language Chinese, Min Nan
Language Code nan   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Hokkien
Dialect Code 6466   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Chinese, Mandarin
  Chinese, Hakka
  She
People Groups Speaking Chinese, Min Nan

Primary Language:  Chinese, Min Nan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1875-1916)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1896-1974)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1884-2001)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Amoy Bible
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Gimchua's Family (EngSub)
Film / Video Gimchua's Family (HanSub)
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video Story of Hope
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Min Nan
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Min Nan
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Min Nan
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Min Nan
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.12 %)
0.30 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
29.70 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
42.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
58.0 %
Photo Source Lishuilynn - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more