Agamudaiyan in Sri Lanka

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* From latest Sri Lanka census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

It is estimated that the first inhabitants arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C. from northern India. Buddhism was introduced circa 250 B.C. In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty established a Tamil kingdom in northern Sri Lanka. The Portuguese controlled the coastal areas of the island in the 16th century, and the Dutch in the 17th century. The island was united under British rule by 1815. It became independent in 1948 with the name of Ceylon; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.

Though there are two major ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, there are minor ones as well. The Agamudaiyans were once an extremely wealthy warrior/land-holding class that migrated to Sri Lanka from what is now southern India. In India they had vast tracts of land as rewards for winning military victories for the king. On April 29, 1789, they swept the British from Kollangudi in southern India. Legends said that these warriors could kill tigers with no weapons. In Sri Lanka, these people no longer have high status.

Where Are they Located?

Most people from the Agamudaiyan people live in India, but there are some in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is an island country lying in the Indian Ocean, separated from southern India by the Palk-Strait.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Many Agamudaiyan people live in rural areas. They grow tea, sugar, cinnamon, and rubber as sources of income. Some are involved with the textile industry. Many who are city dwellers work in tourism.

The literacy rate in Sri Lanka is 90 percent, so this people group has the opportunity to get an education. Agamudaiyan primarily speak, read and write Tamil. Their second language is Malayalam. Both of these languages are spoken by more people in India than in Sri Lanka. Many Christian resources are available in these languages, including the complete Bible, audio Bible, and the JESUS Film.

The Agamudaiyan people favor cross-cousin marriages, and they avoid marrying individuals outside of their ethnic group. Upon the death of the father, property goes to the sons, the oldest son being in charge of the estate. Unlike many Hindu groups they bury their dead rather than cremate them. They have traditional caste councils that settle disputes.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Agamudaiyan people are almost exclusively Hindu. Most believe that Christianity is foreign and evangelism is unethical. Specific information regarding the religious practices of the Agamudiyan people is unavailable. In general, Hindus are pragmatic in their spiritual beliefs, offering worship to gods in exchange for benefits rather than out of love or devotion.

What Are Their Needs?

Agamudaiyan people who leave Sri Lanka to work abroad are subjected to hardships and abuses. Many women endure the risk to send money home. Their absence is very difficult on the children they leave behind. They need to be able to earn an adequate living in Sri Lanka.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Agamudaiyan in Sri Lanka.

* Pray that the hardships suffered by Agamudaiyan people in Sri Lanka will result in them looking to Jesus for answers.
* Pray for a disciple making movement to emerge among the Agamudaiyan people in Sri Lanka and India.
* Pray against powers and principalities that heavily influence the very religious culture of the Agamudaiyan people.


Profiles written by Karen Hightower of Global Prayer Digest

Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Agamudaiyan
People Name in Country Agamudaiyan
Population this Country 18,000
Population all Countries 906,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Achukatlavandlu; Agambadi; Agambadia; Agamudayar; Agamudiyer; Agamundi; Aghambadiar; Aghamudaya; Ambalakaram; Ambalavasi; Barichat; Barichatty; Kondaliyar; Madali; Malayamar; Maruar; Marumaravar; Mudaliyar; Mukkulather; Muppan; Mutharaja; Muthiraja; Mutracha; Muttharayar; Muttiryan; Nainar; Nathamar; Nattaman; Palegaru; Parkavakulam; Parkavakulam Suruthinar; Pillai; Pillaimar; Pillay; Pulle; Raja Kambalattu Naicker/Muthrachar; Raja Kambalattu Nayakkar; Sanagara; Sekkan; Servaikaran; Server; Thozhu; Thuluva Vellala; Udaiyan; Udaiyar; Udayar; Udyar; Valaiyan; Valaiyan/Kambalattan; Valayar; Vellari; आगामुदैईयाँ
People ID 16172
ROP3 Code 111274
Country Sri Lanka
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States on file 8
Largest States
North Western
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Sri Lanka
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States 8
  Central 9,700
  Uva 3,000
  Eastern 1,500
  Sabaragamuwa 1,500
  Western 1,300
  Southern 400
  Northern 300
  North Western 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Tamil
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (Faith Comes By Hearing)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Comprehensive list of Tamil Resources
General Gospel resources links (Scripture Earth)
General Gospel website in this language
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
13.59 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
86.41 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Sri Lanka census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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