Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Bhathiara are a Muslim people who live in Pakistan and north India. Their name comes from a word for "boiled rice." The Bhathiara claim to be descendants of the last Pathan ruler of the Suri Empire of the 16th century. The traditional occupation of the Bhathiara was that of innkeeper. They would provide shelter and feed Muslims along the trade routes of north India and Pakistan. The Bhathiara would provide a mat and a place to sleep for a modest price. They would sell the traveler rice, curry, kabobs, and water. During the Mughal period they were provided with royal patronage.
The Bhathiara speak various languages including Saraiki, Urdu, Western Punjabi and Sindhi. Many Muslim Bhathiara left India and relocated to Pakistan during the Partition of India in 1947. Most Bhathiara live in the Pakistani states of Punjab and Kyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Others live in Sindh and Islamabad. The Bhathiara often live in their own sections of the cities and villages.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The job of being innkeepers has declined among the Bhathiara in modern times. Now many Bhathiara work in agriculture, factories and in small businesses. Some Bhathiara have taken advantage of Pakistan's educational system and become professionals in medicine, law, engineering, and computer science.
Lack of education is a problem among the Bhathiara women. The literacy rate among their women is only 62%.
The Bhiathiara are strictly endogamous, that is, they marry within their caste and clan. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. Sons inherit their father's property. Newly married couples frequently live with or near the groom's parents. Muslim priests officiate at important life events like births, weddings and funerals. The Bhathiara bury their dead. The sons have the responsibility of caring for elderly parents. Bhiathiara tend to have large families as children are seen as Allah’s blessing
The Bhiathiara eat meat except for pork. Their main foods are wheat, rice, lentils, vegetables, and dairy products.
Caste councils promote their interests and settle legal disputes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bhathiara people are Sunni Muslims. They believe that the supreme God, Allah, spoke through his prophet, Mohammed, and taught mankind how to live a righteous life through the Koran and the Hadith. To live a righteous life, you must utter the Shahada (a statement of faith), pray five times a day facing Mecca, fast from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan, give alms to the poor, and make a pilgrimage to Mecca if you have the means. Muslims are prohibited from drinking alcohol, eating pork, gambling, stealing, slandering, and making idols. They gather for corporate prayer on Friday afternoons at a mosque, their place of worship.
The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.
Sunni religious practices are staid and simple. They believe that Allah has pre-determined our fates; they minimize free will.
In most of the Muslim world, people depend on the spirit world for their daily needs since they regard Allah as too distant. Allah may determine their eternal salvation, but the spirits determine how well we live in our daily lives.
There are few if any believers among the Bhiathiara.


What Are Their Needs?

The Bhathiara need to hear and understand the life-changing message of Isa or Jesus. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out in practical ways before them by Christians. They would benefit from job training. They need help in educating their women and children.


Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to send loving workers to the Bhiathiara.
Pray for Bhathiara families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible.
Pray for Bhathiara families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
Pray that the Bhathiara would be open to the gospel and that the Lord would raise up Bible-believing churches among them in this decade


Scripture Prayers for the Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhathiara
http://indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Bhatiara
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/2020/10/22


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-10-22
People Name General Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Bhathiara (Muslim traditions)
Population this Country 179,000
Population all Countries 400,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Bhartari; Bhathiyara; Bhatiara; Bhatiyara; Bhattiyara; Farooqi; Faruqi; Razzaqi; भाठियारा (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16442
ROP3 Code 111595
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 8  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Punjab
120,000
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
29,000
Sindh
21,000
Islamabad
3,800
Balochistan
40
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 8  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Punjab 120,000
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 29,000
  Sindh 21,000
  Islamabad 3,800
  Balochistan 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Saraiki (94,000 speakers)
Language Code skr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
Punjabi, Western
22,000
Urdu
15,000
Sindhi
14,000
Hindko, Northern
10,000
Pashto, Northern
7,400
Marwari
4,200
Pahari-Potwari
3,900
Hindko, Southern
3,100
Pashto, Central
900
Dhatki
300
Kacchi
200
Primary Language Saraiki (94,000 speakers)
Language Code skr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
  Punjabi, Western 22,000
  Urdu 15,000
  Sindhi 14,000
  Hindko, Northern 10,000
  Pashto, Northern 7,400
  Marwari 4,200
  Pahari-Potwari 3,900
  Hindko, Southern 3,100
  Pashto, Central 900
  Dhatki 300
  Kacchi 200
People Groups Speaking Saraiki

Primary Language:  Saraiki

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1888-2009)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Saraiki
General Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Gospel resources links
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Saraiki
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more