Nanjanad Vellalan in India

The Nanjanad Vellalan have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Vellalar or Vellalan people of South India have a long and distinguished history. They served as the landed aristocracy, military officers and court officials for three great Tamil dynasties. They were patrons of Tamil literature and the arts. The Vellalar made up the majority of government leaders and administrators in South India during the British Raj period. Lower castes began calling themselves Vellalar and acting like them in order to gain their high status.

The main language of the Vellalan is Tamil. They also speak other South Indian regional languages. A complete Bible and many Christian resources are available in Tamil. Most Vellalan also speak English which allows them to speak with educated people from all over India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Today the Nanjanad Vellalan continue to be landowners, military officers, businesspersons, scholars, and Hindu temple patrons. They live at the highest levels of South Indian society. They take pride in their ancient Tamil heritage and are leading scholars in Tamil historical studies. The Nanjanad Vellalan encourage their children to attend universities and gain graduate degrees.

The Nanjanad Vellalar are endogamous, that is they marry within their families and clans. Vellalan often marry their cousins. Marriage to one spouse is the norm. Sons inherit property from their parents. Most Vellalar prefer to use their own priests rather than Brahmins in important life ceremonies.


What Are Their Beliefs?

As far as we know all Nanjanad Vellalans are Hindus. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The Nanjanad Vellalan people worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Many Vellalan people follow a branch of Hinduism called Saiva Siddhantam. In this Hindu order adherents desire to be enlightened by Lord Shiva or Siva, one of the three main gods of Hinduism. Some Vellalans join monasteries and propagate the teachings of Shiva.

Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Nanjanad Vellalan visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods.

The main yearly holidays of the Vellalan people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn, and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Nanjanad Vellalan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see themselves as sinners in need of the only savior. They need to see Christianity lived out in a real way before them.


Prayer Points

Pray that Vellalan leaders will come to Jesus Christ and lead others to him.

Pray for entire Vellalan families to decide to follow Jesus no matter what the cost.

Pray for loving missionaries and South Indian believers to take Christ to every Vellalan community.

Pray that Vellalans would be led by the Spirit to read the Tamil Bible and listen to Tamil radio programs.


Scripture Prayers for the Vellalan Nanjanad in India.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellalar


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Vellalan Nanjanad
People Name in Country Vellalan Nanjanad
Natural Name Nanjanad Vellalan
Population this Country 218,000
Population all Countries 218,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names वेल्लालन नांजनद
People ID 21278
ROP3 Code 118101
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Kerala
114,000
Tamil Nadu
103,000
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Kerala 114,000
  Tamil Nadu 103,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (123,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
78,000
Primary Language Tamil (123,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 78,000
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2021)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources General / Other
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible Oral Bibles
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Finding Peace Create International
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.10 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.90 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more