Dhanuk in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 17 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Awadhia 2,500
Chunakala 2,500
Kaparia 2,500
Maghaiya 2,500
Mongchara 2,500
Sankata 2,500
Silhatia 2,500
Sonpari 2,500
Dadhwar 2,300
Dholbaja Unknown

Introduction / History

The Dhanuks who are settled in northern India are either Dalits or a minority indigenous people. Dhanuks are also called Rajbanshis. Smaller groups of Dhanuks are found in Bangladesh and Nepal. The main language of the Dhanuks is Hindi.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The language and culture of the Dhanuks are similar to the Tharus. The Dhanuks, like Tharus, are employed by landlords and well-to-do persons in private households and farms. Dhanuks do not marry within the clan nor do they have the practice of cross-cousin marriage. In most cases the parents seek a spouse for their child. Due to the influence of neighbors they also have the dowry system which involves the bride's family bringing a certain amount of wealth into the new family or to the groom's family. Those who do not abide by rules are expelled from the ethnic group. Mandal, Mahato and Kurmi are the names of their clans. Since the Dhanuks dwell in the river basins and the edges of forests, they fish and raise livestock. Some Dhanuks are even big landowners while others are landless. Many earn their livelihood by working as agriculture laborers and household servants. The houses of Dhanuks are plastered with mud.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Almost all Dhanuk practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain "moksha" or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Dhanuk visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Dhanuk people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday. In some places Brahmins are appointed as priests while in other places they use their own priests. They are divided into two groups in terms of religion:those who worship the Hindu goddess Kali are called Kaliyaha and others are called Maharkhiya. Those who worship Kali eat pork and drink alcohol, whereas Maharkhiyas do not do so. They also worship a goddess called Gahil, who is one of five sisters. Their other goddesses are Shitalmata and Goureya Gaiya. Like other tribes they have their own rites of birth, death and marriage. The pregnant woman is kept in a separate home to arrange assistance from a midwife of the Chamar community. They believe they drive ghosts away by putting the branches of jujube and unwanted shoes at the main gate of the house. They give the newborn baby goat milk to drink. Dhanuks believe in magic, witchcraft and ghosts. Today there are several churches and a number of believers among them.


What Are Their Needs?

The Hindu Dhanuk people need to go through the narrow gate that Jesus offers His followers. The Dhanuk would benefit from new job skills and access to modern medicine.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Dhanuk in India.

Pray for a spiritual hunger that will give the Dhanuk people a willingness to receive the blessings of Jesus Christ. Pray for a disciple making movement that will bless the Dhanuk people this decade. Pray for the Lord to send out workers to the Dhanuk people to tell them about Jesus.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-08
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-09-01
People Name General Dhanuk
People Name in Country Dhanuk
Pronunciation dah-NOOK
Population this Country 4,203,000
Population all Countries 4,415,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 84
Alternate Names Dhakna Rajput; Dhanak; Dhanak Julaha; Dhankia; Harijan; Jamadar; Julaha; Kabirpanthi; Kurmi; Mahatroji; Mandalji Mahatoji; Mandatji; Methur; Patel; धानुक
People ID 16696
ROP3 Code 111925
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Hindu - other
People Group Dhanuk
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 17 (only 15 largest shown)
  Awadhia 2,500
  Chunakala 2,500
  Kaparia 2,500
  Maghaiya 2,500
  Mongchara 2,500
  Sankata 2,500
  Silhatia 2,500
  Sonpari 2,500
  Dadhwar 2,300
  Dholbaja 0
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Bihar
2,456,000
Uttar Pradesh
650,000
Haryana
559,000
Rajasthan
114,000
Madhya Pradesh
105,000
Punjab
89,000
Delhi
76,000
Jharkhand
65,000
West Bengal
58,000
Odisha
26,000
Chandigarh
2,900
Uttarakhand
1,500
Andaman and Nicobar
500
Tripura
300
Chhattisgarh
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  Bihar 2,456,000
  Uttar Pradesh 650,000
  Haryana 559,000
  Rajasthan 114,000
  Madhya Pradesh 105,000
  Punjab 89,000
  Delhi 76,000
  Jharkhand 65,000
  West Bengal 58,000
  Odisha 26,000
  Chandigarh 2,900
  Uttarakhand 1,500
  Andaman and Nicobar 500
  Tripura 300
  Chhattisgarh 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (2,767,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 30
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Maithili
334,000
Bhojpuri
309,000
Angika
168,000
Kanauji
114,000
Haryanvi
96,000
Awadhi
86,000
Punjabi, Eastern
84,000
Magahi
70,000
Bengali
61,000
Bagri
40,000
Odia
24,000
Marwari
21,000
Shekhawati
17,000
Bundeli
13,000
Dhundari
2,500
Primary Language Hindi (2,767,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 30
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Maithili 334,000
  Bhojpuri 309,000
  Angika 168,000
  Kanauji 114,000
  Haryanvi 96,000
  Awadhi 86,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 84,000
  Magahi 70,000
  Bengali 61,000
  Bagri 40,000
  Odia 24,000
  Marwari 21,000
  Shekhawati 17,000
  Bundeli 13,000
  Dhundari 2,500
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1835-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.05 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.76 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.19 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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