Paharia in India

The Paharia have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Because of their tribal background and lack of literacy skills, people know very little about the history of the Paharias. The Paharias live mainly in the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal. There are also scattered groups of them in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Odisha. They have two subgroups.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Paharias are one of India’s poorest tribes. The Indian government labels them a particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. If they didn’t have government welfare programs, many would starve. They used to have access to bamboo, which they used for weaving baskets, but today they need to walk for two days to find a good source of this resource. The Indian government is trying to find ways for them to earn a living by offering a couple of jobs, but ultimately, the Pardhis will need education and training.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Pahari are all Hindu and follow the basic Hindu customs and traditions. "Hinduism" has no founder, no prophet, and no instructional system. It is a way of living much more than a theology; it is a philosophy more than a religion. Contrary to popular belief in the West, Hinduism is not an ancient, fixed set of beliefs. Rather, it is a body of customs, practices, and beliefs that go through major changes every few hundred years.


The majority, though not all, of Hindus believe in a supreme being. Some respect all life and eat only vegetables, while others will gladly eat meat from sacrifices in the temple. To some, their religion is highly personal; to others, it is impersonal. While most Hindus worship Brahman (the creator), Shiva (the destroyer), Vishnu (the preserver), and the goddess Shaktri, they also worship a pantheon of other minor gods, their incarnations, spouses, or offspring. A belief in reincarnation (continual cycle of death and rebirth) is one of the few unifying features of Hinduism.


Most Hindu groups also have their own unique beliefs and deities, and the Pardhis are no exception. They worship their elders. Their three gods are Dharti, Gorasi and Gosai.


What Are Their Needs?

The Paharias cannot continue to live as they have in the past. Believers with marketable skills can teach the youth ways to earn a living in the modern world.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Paharia in India.

Pray that God will send culturally sensitive missionaries who will show the Paharia community the way to the cross.


Pray for a Christ-ward movement to flourish among the Paharia people in the 2020s.


Pray for the Paharia people to be blessed with peace, joy and spiritual prosperity as they follow Jesus Christ.


Pray for their leaders to have dreams and visions that will open their hearts to Jesus Christ and his ambassadors.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Paharia
People Name in Country Paharia
Population this Country 19,000
Population all Countries 19,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Dhanus Savara; Pahad; Pahaidia; Pahaira; Pahari; Pahariya; Pahira; Pahiri; Pahor; Pahriya; Saora Dhanus; पाहरिया
People ID 17811
ROP3 Code 113284
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
West Bengal
8,300
Maharashtra
4,100
Uttar Pradesh
2,400
Chhattisgarh
2,000
Odisha
1,200
Jharkhand
600
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  West Bengal 8,300
  Maharashtra 4,100
  Uttar Pradesh 2,400
  Chhattisgarh 2,000
  Odisha 1,200
  Jharkhand 600
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Santhali (8,400 speakers)
Language Code sat   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Paharia
Dialect Code 16318   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
Bengali
2,400
Hindi
2,100
Marathi
1,100
Chhattisgarhi
1,100
Odia
900
Primary Language Santhali (8,400 speakers)
Language Code sat   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Paharia
Dialect Code 16318   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
  Bengali 2,400
  Hindi 2,100
  Marathi 1,100
  Chhattisgarhi 1,100
  Odia 900
People Groups Speaking Santhali

Primary Language:  Santhali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1868-1989)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1887-1962)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1914-2005)
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Enlightened Heart
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Santhali
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Gospel resources links
General Gospel website in this language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Santhali
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Santhali
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source The Advocacy Project - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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