Newah in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Newar, (AKA, Newah) one of the most cultured ethnic groups in Nepal, were the country's earliest inhabitants. An important part of the Newar civilization was trade; they were the ones who organized trade between India and Tibet. For about 1,000 years the Newar civilization blended aspects of Hinduism from the south and Buddhism from the north. There are myths regarding the creation and origin of the Kathmandu Valley where the Newar people developed a prosperous civilization. This civilization was conquered by the Gorkha Kingdom in 1769. They speak Newar, a Tibeto-Burman language that has borrowed many words from Sanskrit, Maithili and Nepali. There are several dialects of Newar. Though the Newar are scattered throughout Nepal, they are primarily concentrated in the Katmandu Valley. There is a smaller number of them northern India, Bangladesh and Bhutan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Newar society is traditionally a caste-based society (as in India) with distinct caste-systems being centered in each of the old royal cities (Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur). Traditionally intermarriage was largely restricted to one's fellow caste members and boys were expected to follow the occupation of their fathers. Today the modern economy means there is theoretically freedom to follow almost any trade, but inter-caste marriage is still widely frowned upon if not seriously punished. Trade and agriculture have a longstanding history among the Newar people. Newar sons take over the occupation of their fathers. That could mean sons learn farming, a trade, a craft or how to function well as a merchant. Newar societies are patrilineal, which means that the line of descent is traced through the males. Members of the same family line generally worship the same gods. Marriages are almost always arranged by the parents, and they use a mediator to complete the formalities. In their free time, the Newar people enjoy indoor sports and board games. These games often involve gambling. There are some outdoor sports like soccer, but this is usually limited to urban areas.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Hinduism, Buddhism, and traditional ethnic beliefs are all a part of the Newar's religious lives. Some Newars are self-consciously Hindu and others self-consciously Buddhist, but most would not recognize the distinction. For them it is more important to follow the traditions of the ancestors than it is to argue about religious affiliation or doctrine. Newars worship a multitude of gods, many of which are local gods and others of which are more clearly identified with the prestigious deities worshipped to the south, especially Shiva. They also believe in the existence of demons, hostile spirits the dead, ghosts, and witches. Traditional practices include the digu dya rituals, in which they feed frogs after rice planting. They think that cremation grounds, crossroads, and huge stones are favorite haunting places. They believe diseases are caused by the ill will of the "mother goddess," witchcraft, or evil spells. Treatments include reciting incantations, making offerings to the gods, and using herbs and other medicines.


What Are Their Needs?

Portions of the Bible and several other Christian resources have been translated into Newar language. Who will call their attention to these?


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Newah in India.

Pray that the sheer wonder of knowing Jesus and the impact he has on their lives and the joy he brings spur believers to share Christ with the Newar people in India. Pray the hearts of the Newar people would be stirred by a sovereign work of the Holy Spirit readying them for the time when they hear the gospel message being shared with them. Pray they will experience dreams and visions of Jesus leading them into a saving relationship with Him. Pray for an unstoppable movement to Christ among the Newar people in India.


Profile Source:   JoshuaProject  

People Name General Newah
People Name in Country Newah
Population this Country 166,000
Population all Countries 1,455,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
Alternate Names Mewar; Nepal Bhasa; Newar; नेवाह
People ID 13322
ROP3 Code 107217
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 24
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
West Bengal
100,000
Assam
37,000
Sikkim
23,000
Delhi
1,600
Uttarakhand
700
Uttar Pradesh
600
Arunachal Pradesh
600
Bihar
500
Tripura
300
Meghalaya
300
Maharashtra
300
Manipur
300
Madhya Pradesh
200
Andaman and Nicobar
200
Himachal Pradesh
200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 24  (only 20 largest shown)
  West Bengal 100,000
  Assam 37,000
  Sikkim 23,000
  Delhi 1,600
  Uttarakhand 700
  Uttar Pradesh 600
  Arunachal Pradesh 600
  Bihar 500
  Tripura 300
  Meghalaya 300
  Maharashtra 300
  Manipur 300
  Madhya Pradesh 200
  Andaman and Nicobar 200
  Himachal Pradesh 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Nepali (138,000 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
Newar
20,000
Bengali
5,400
Hindi
1,100
Lepcha
300
Darmiya
70
Odia
Primary Language Nepali (138,000 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
  Newar 20,000
  Bengali 5,400
  Hindi 1,100
  Lepcha 300
  Darmiya 70
  Odia 0
People Groups Speaking Nepali

Primary Language:  Nepali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1850-1961)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1821-2010)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1914-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (Faith Comes By Hearing)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video New Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Gospel resources links (Scripture Earth)
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from Faith Comes By Hearing
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: नेपाली - Nepali
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
5.36 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
2.02 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
92.60 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.02 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Don Brown 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source JoshuaProject  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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